• Gandhi, Sanjiv K


    Investigator, BC Children's Hospital
    Chief of Pediatric Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery, BC Children’s Hospital
    Clinical Professor, Division of Pediatric Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia

    Degrees / Designations
    MD, CM, B.Sc.
    Primary Area of Research
    Childhood Diseases
    Secondary Area(s) of Research
    604-875-2000 ext. 3165
    Lab Phone
    Celia Magraw
    Assistant Phone
    604-875-2000 ext. 3165
    Mailing Address

    BC Children's Hospital
    Suite AB307
    4480 Oak Street
    Vancouver, BC V6H 3V4

    Affiliate Websites
    Research Areas
    Pediatric cardiothoracic transplantation. Involved in a large scale project designed to optimize outcomes following pediatric cardiac transplantation.

    Atrial arrhythmias following single ventricle palliation. Created an animal model replicating atrial arrhythmias following the Fontan operation and elucidated causative mechanisms for these rhythm disturbances and developed curative surgical solutions.

    Pediatric mechanical ventricular assistance. Involved in the US Berlin Heart Trial, investigating the use of the Berlin Heart in children with end-stage heart failure.

    Research interests during my career have focused around the field of pediatric heart and lung surgery. Specifically, I have been involved in a variety of projects related to improving the outcome of children born with complicated heart and lung disorders following corrective surgery or transplantation.

    My research interests started during my surgical training, when I studied abnormal heart rhythms following congenital heart operations, utilizing an animal model. During my time on faculty at the University of Pittsburgh, I was involved in a large scale project designed to optimize outcomes following pediatric cardiac transplantation. While on faculty at Washington University in Saint Louis, I was involved with the Pediatrics subcommittee of the INTERMACS registry and I was the site primary investigator for the FDA sponsored US Berlin Heart IDE trial.

    Current Projects

    International pediatric cardiac surgery. Project at BC Children's Hospital designed to investigate the appropriateness and impact of caring for international patients needing pediatric cardiac surgery.

    Selected Publications

    Gandhi S.K., Huddleston C.B., Balzer D.T., Epstein D.J., Boschert T.A., and Canter C.E. Biventricular Assist Devices as a Bridge to Heart Transplantation in Small Children. Circulation. 2008; 118: S89-S93. PMID: 18824776

    Gandhi S.K., Grady R.M., Balzer D.T., Huddleston C.B., and Canter C.E. Beyond Berlin – Heart Transplantation in the “Untransplantable”. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2008; 136: 529-531. PMID: 18692672

    Gandhi S.K., Kulikowska A., Canter C.E., and Huddleston C.B. Infant Heart Transplantation Ten Years Later - Where Are They Now? Ann Thorac Surg. 2007; 83: 169-172. PMID: 17184654

    Gandhi S.K. and Pigula F.A. Congenital Membranous Obstruction of the Inferior Vena Cava. Ann Thorac Surg. 2004; 78: 1849. PMID: 15511497

    Gandhi S.K., VonHaag D., Webber S.A., and Pigula F.A. Traumatic Aortic Transection in a Child with an Anomalous Right Subclavian Artery. Ann Thorac Surg. 2003; 76: 2087-2089. PMID: 14667653

    Gandhi S.K., Pigula F.A., and Siewers R.D. Intramural Left Coronary Artery Associated With Right Ventricular Outflow Tract Obstruction. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2003; 125: 729-730. PMID: 12658220

    Gandhi S.K., Reyes J., Webber S.A., Siewers R.D., and Pigula F.A. Case Report of Combined Pediatric Heart-Lung-Liver Transplantation. Transplantation; 2002; 73: 1968-1969. PMID: 12131700

    Gandhi S.K., Pigula F.A., and Siewers R.D. Successful Late Reintervention Following the Arterial Switch Procedure. Ann Thorac Surg. 2002; 73: 88-95. PMID: 11834068

    Puri V., Epstein D., Raithel S.C., Gandhi S.K., Sweet S.C., Faro A., and Huddleston C.B. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in pediatric lung transplantation. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2010; 140(2): 427-432. PMID: 20538306

    Morales D.L., Almond C.S., Jaquiss R.D., Rosenthal D.N., Naftel D.C., Massicotte M.P., Humpl T., Turrentine M.W., Tweddell J.S., Cohen G.A., Kroslowitz R., Devaney E.J., Canter C.E., Fynn-Thompson F., Reinhartz O., Imamura M., Ghanayem N.S., Buchholz H., Furness S., Mazor R., Gandhi S.K., Fraser C.D. Jr. Bridging children of all sizes to cardiac transplantation: the initial multicenter North American experience with the Berlin Heart EXCOR ventricular assist device. J Heart Lung Transpt. 2011; 30(1): 1-8. PMID: 21145473


    National Institutes of Health, "Pediatric Circulatory Support" (2004-2009)
    National Institutes of Health, "Optimizing Outcome After Pediatric Heart Transplantation" (2004-2008)

    Honours & Awards
    Nominee outstanding surgeon Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh, 2002
    Nominee St. Louis University Hospital PastoralCare Award, 1996
    Thoracic Surgery Directors Association Resident Research Award, 1995
    McGill Wood Gold Medal (highest standing in clinical Clerkship training), 1993
    Dalhousie Avery Award (highest academic standing of graduates in Bachelor programs), 1989
    Ross S. Smith Scholarship, 1989
    Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada Undergraduate Summer Research Scholarship, 1988-1989
    Canadian National Golf Foundation Golf-Academic Scholarship, 1987-1988
    Khaki University Scholarship, 1987
    J.D. Stewart Scholarship, 1987
    F.R. Davis Memorial Scholarship, 1986
    Dalhousie University Entrance Scholarship, 1986
    Queen Elizabeth II Medal (highest academic standing), 1986
    Bridgewater High School Valedictorian, 1986
    Research Group Members
    • Celia Magraw, Research Assistant
    • Devon Rasmussen, Medical Student
    • Takashi Sasaki, Clinical Fellow