Overview

The consortium leads global maternal health research aimed at developing, testing and introducing new knowledge that will reduce the unacceptable maternal, perinatal, family, societal, and global impacts of pre-eclampsia, and the other pregnancy complications. We aim to build sustainable, equitable partnerships across the individuals and institutions.

Publications

Perceptions of expressed breast milk for preterm infants in Malawian hospitals: A qualitative study
Journal of Neonatal Nursing
Anna-Joy Ong and Mai-Lei Woo Kinshella and Sangwani Salimu and Marianne Vidler and Rajavel Elango and Mwai Banda and Queen Dube and David Goldfarb and Kondwani Kawaza and Alinane Linda Nyondo-Mipando
DOI: 10.1016/j.jnn.2021.08.006
08/2021

Maternal Dietary Patterns and Pregnancy Hypertension in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
Advances in Nutrition
Mai-Lei Woo Kinshella and Shazmeen Omar and Kerri Scherbinsky and Marianne Vidler and Laura A Magee and Peter von Dadelszen and Sophie E Moore and Rajavel Elango
DOI: 10.1093/advances/nmab057
05/2021

Economic and cost-effectiveness analysis of the Community-Level Interventions for Pre-eclampsia (CLIP) trials in India, Pakistan and Mozambique
BMJ Global Health
Jeffrey N Bone and Asif R Khowaja and Marianne Vidler and Beth A Payne and Mrutyunjaya B Bellad and Shivaprasad S Goudar and Ashalata A Mallapur and Khatia Munguambe and Rahat N Qureshi and Charfudin Sacoor and Esperanca Sevene and Geert W J Frederix and Zulfiqar A Bhutta and Craig Mitton and Laura A Magee and Peter von Dadelszen
DOI: 10.1136/bmjgh-2020-004123
05/2021

Effects of maternal nutritional supplements and dietary interventions on placental complications: An umbrella review, meta-analysis and evidence map
Nutrients
Kinshella, M.-L.W. and Omar, S. and Scherbinsky, K. and Vidler, M. and Magee, L.A. and von Dadelszen, P. and Moore, S.E. and Elango, R.
DOI: 10.3390/nu13020472
2021

Pregnancy cohorts and biobanking in sub-Saharan Africa: a systematic review
BMJ Global Health
Jeffrey N Bone and Kelly Pickerill and Mai-Lei Woo Kinshella and Marianne Vidler and Rachel Craik and Lucilla Poston and William Stones and Esperanca Sevene and Marleen Temmerman and Angela Koech Etyang and Anna Roca and Donna Russell and Rachel M Tribe and Peter von Dadelszen and Laura A Magee
DOI: 10.1136/bmjgh-2020-003716
11/2020

Economic analysis of the CLIP Trials in India, Pakistan and Mozambique
Jeffrey N Bone and Asif Khowaja and Marianne Vidler and Beth A. Payne and Mrutyunjaya B Bellad and Shivaprasad S Goudar and Ashalata Mallapur and Khatia munguambe and Rahat Qureshi and Charfudin Sacoor and Esperança Sevene and Geert Frederix and Zulfiqar Bhutta and Craig Mitton and Laura Magee and Peter von Dadelszen
DOI: 10.21203/rs.3.rs-60194/v2
09/2020

Economic Analysis of the CLIP Trials in India, Pakistan and Mozambique
Jeffrey N Bone and Asif Khowaja and Marianne Vidler and Beth A. Payne and Mrutyunjaya B Bellad and Shivaprasad S Goudar and Ashalata Mallapur and Khátia munguambe and Rahat Qureshi and Charfudin Sacoor and Esperança Sevene and Geert Frederix and Zulfiqar Bhutta and Craig Mitton and Laura Magee and Peter von Dadelszen
DOI: 10.21203/rs.3.rs-60194/v1
08/2020

Interactions between the Physical and Social Environments with Adverse Pregnancy Events Related to Placental Disorders—A Scoping Review
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Yolisa Dube and Newton Nyapwere and Laura Magee and Marianne Vidler and Sophie Moore and Benjamin Barratt and Rachel Craik and Peter Dadelszen and Prestige Makanga
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17155421
07/2020

The Community-Level Interventions for Pre-eclampsia (CLIP) cluster randomised trials in Mozambique, Pakistan, and India: an individual participant-level meta-analysis
The Lancet
von Dadelszen, P. and Bhutta, Z.A. and Sharma, S. and Bone, J. and Singer, J. and Wong, H. and Bellad, M.B. and Goudar, S.S. and Lee, T. and Li, J. and Mallapur, A.A. and Munguambe, K. and Payne, B.A. and Qureshi, R.N. and Sacoor, C. and Sevene, E. and Vidler, M. and Magee, L.A. and Macete, E. and Boene, H. and Amose, F. and Augusto, O. and Bique, C. and Biz, A.I. and Chia{\'u}, R. and Cutana, S. and Filimone, P. and Gon?{\'a}lves, E. and Macamo, M. and Macuacua, S. and Maculuve, S. and Mandlate, E. and Matavele, A. and Mocumbi, S. and Mulungo, D. and Nhamirre, Z. and Nhancolo, A. and Nkumbula, C. and Nobela, V. and Pires, R. and Tchavana, C. and Vala, A. and Vilanculo, F. and Sheikh, S. and Hoodbhoy, Z. and Ahmed, I. and Hussain, A. and Memon, J. and Raza, F. and Katageri, G.M. and Charantimath, U.S. and Bannale, S.G. and Chougala, K.S. and Dhamanekar, V.B. and Honnungar, N.V. and Joshi, A.M. and Kamble, N.A. and Karadiguddi, C.C. and Kavi, A.J. and Kengapur, G.S. and Kodkany, B.S. and Kudachi, U.S. and Mastiholi, S.S. and Mungarwadi, G.I. and Ramdurg, U.Y. and Revankar, A.P. and Drebit, S.K. and Dunsmuir, D.T. and Kariya, C. and Lui, M. and Sawchuck, D. and Tu, D.K. and Ukah, U.V. and Woo Kinshella, M.-L. and Ansermino, J.M. and Betr{\'a}n, A.P. and Derman, R. and Dharamsi, S. and Donnay, F. and Dumont, G. and Engelbrecht, S.M. and Fillipi, V. and Firoz, T. and Grobman, W. and Knight, M. and Langer, A. and Lewin, S. and Lewis, G. and Mitton, C. and Schuurman, N. and Shennan, A. and Thornton, J. and Adetoro, O. and Sotunsa, J.O.
DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)31128-4
2020

The PRECISE (PREgnancy Care Integrating translational Science, Everywhere) database: Open-access data collection in maternal and newborn health
Reproductive Health
Magee, L.A. and Strang, A. and Li, L. and Tu, D. and Tumtaweetikul, W. and Craik, R. and Daniele, M. and Etyang, A.K. and D{'}Alessandro, U. and Ogochukwu, O. and Roca, A. and Sevene, E. and Chin, P. and Tchavana, C. and Temmerman, M. and Von Dadelszen, P. and Jah, H. and Oguchukwu, O. and Prentice, A. and Martinez-Alvarez, M. and Diallo, B. and Sesey, A. and Lette, K. and Bah, A. and Sanyang, C. and Musitia, P. and Amondi, M. and Chege, D. and Okiro, P. and Omuse, G. and Wanyonyi, S. and MacUacua, S. and Vala, A. and Boene, H. and Quimice, L. and MacUluve, S. and MacEte, E. and Mandomando, I. and Carillho, C. and Flint-O{'}kane, M. and Russell, D. and Makanga, T. and Makacha, L. and Dube, Y. and Nyapwere, N. and Poston, L. and Sandall, J. and Tribe, R. and Shennan, A. and Moore, S. and Salisbury, T. and Barratt, B. and Chappell, L. and Beevers, S. and Bramham, K. and Papageorgiou, A. and Noble, A. and Blencowe, H. and Filippi, V. and Lawn, J. and Silver, M. and Chico, M. and Cartwright, J. and Whitley, G. and Krishna, S. and Vidler, M. and Li, J.L. and Bone, J. and Woo Kinshella, M.-L.M. and Payne, B.A. and Tu, D. and Tumtaweetikul, W. and Stones, W.
DOI: 10.1186/s12978-020-0873-8
2020

The contribution of qualitative research within the PRECISE study in sub-Saharan Africa
Reproductive Health
Daniele, M.A.S. and Martinez-Alvarez, M. and Etyang, A.K. and Vidler, M. and Salisbury, T. and Makanga, P.T. and Musitia, P. and Flint-O{'}Kane, M. and Brown, T.W. and Diallo, B.A. and Boene, H. and Stones, W. and Von Dadelszen, P. and Magee, L.A. and Sandall, J. and D{'}Alessandro, U. and Roca, A. and Jah, H. and Oguchukwu, O. and Prentice, A. and Sesey, A. and Lette, K. and Bah, A. and Sanyang, C. and Temmerman, M. and Amondi, M. and Chege, D. and Okiro, P. and Omuse, G. and Wanyonyi, S. and Sevene, E. and Chin, P. and Tchavana, C. and Macuacua, S. and Vala, A. and Quimice, L. and Maculuve, S. and Macete, E. and Mandomando, I. and Carillho, C. and Craik, R. and Strang, A. and Russell, D. and Makacha, L. and Dube, Y. and Nyapwere, N. and Poston, L. and Tribe, R. and Shennan, A. and Moore, S. and Barratt, B. and Chappell, L. and Beevers, S. and Bramham, K. and Papageorgiou, A. and Noble, A. and Blencowe, H. and Filippi, V. and Lawn, J. and Silver, M. and Chico, M. and Cartwright, J. and Whitley, G. and Krishna, S. and Li, J.L. and Bone, J. and Kinshella, M.-L.M.W. and Payne, B.A. and Tu, D. and Tumtaweetikul, W.
DOI: 10.1186/s12978-020-0875-6
2020

Barriers and enablers of implementing bubble Continuous Positive Airway Pressure (CPAP): Perspectives of health professionals in Malawi
PLoS ONE
Nyondo-Mipando, A.L. and Kinshella, M.-L.W. and Bohne, C. and Suwedi-Kapesa, L.C. and Salimu, S. and Banda, M. and Newberry, L. and Njirammadzi, J. and Hiwa, T. and Chiwaya, B. and Chikoti, F. and Vidler, M. and Dube, Q. and Molyneux, E. and Mfutso-Bengo, J. and Goldfarb, D.M. and Kawaza, K. and Mijovic, H.
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0228915
2020

Community-level interventions for pre-eclampsia (CLIP) in Pakistan: A cluster randomised controlled trial
Pregnancy Hypertension
Qureshi, R.N. and Sheikh, S. and Hoodbhoy, Z. and Sharma, S. and Vidler, M. and Payne, B.A. and Ahmed, I. and Mark Ansermino, J. and Bone, J. and Dunsmuir, D.T. and Lee, T. and Li, J. and Nathan, H.L. and Shennan, A.H. and Singer, J. and Tu, D.K. and Wong, H. and Magee, L.A. and von Dadelszen, P. and Bhutta, Z.A.
DOI: 10.1016/j.preghy.2020.07.011
2020

RoadMApp: A feasibility study for a smart travel application to improve maternal health delivery in a low resource setting in Zimbabwe
BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Nyati-Jokomo, Z. and Dabengwa, I.M. and Makacha, L. and Nyapwere, N. and Dube, Y.P. and Chikoko, L. and Vidler, M. and Makanga, P.T.
DOI: 10.1186/s12884-020-03200-7
2020

Assessing quality of newborn care at district facilities in Malawi
BMC Health Services Research
Kawaza, K. and Kinshella, M.-L.W. and Hiwa, T. and Njirammadzi, J. and Banda, M. and Vidler, M. and Newberry, L. and Nyondo-Mipando, A.L. and Dube, Q. and Molyneux, E. and Goldfarb, D.M.
DOI: 10.1186/s12913-020-5065-2
2020

Population-level data on antenatal screening for proteinuria; india, mozambique, nigeria, pakistan,Données sur l'ensemble de la population concernant le dépistage prénatal de la protéinurie en inde, au mozambique, au nigeria et au pakistan,Datos a nivel de la población sobre el cribado prenatal para detectar la proteinuria en la india, mozambique, nigeria y pakistán
Bulletin of the World Health Organization
Magee, L.A. and Sharma, S. and Sevene, E. and Qureshi, R.N. and Mallapur, A. and Macu{\'a}cua, S.E. and Goudar, S. and Bellad, M.B. and Adetoro, O.O. and Payne, B.A. and Sotunsa, J. and Val{\'a}, A. and Bone, J. and Shennan, A.H. and Vidler, M. and Bhutta, Z.A. and Dadelszen, P.V.
DOI: 10.2471/BLT.19.248898
2020

“It brought hope and peace in my heart:” Caregivers perceptions on kangaroo mother care services in Malawi
BMC Pediatrics
Nyondo-Mipando, A.L. and Kinshella, M.-L.W. and Salimu, S. and Chiwaya, B. and Chikoti, F. and Chirambo, L. and Mwaungulu, E. and Banda, M. and Newberry, L. and Njirammadzi, J. and Hiwa, T. and Vidler, M. and Dube, Q. and Molyneux, E. and Mfutso-Bengo, J. and Goldfarb, D.M. and Kawaza, K.
DOI: 10.1186/s12887-020-02443-9
2020

Investigating placental disorders of pregnancy in sub-Saharan Africa: Addressing the gap in a neglected area of research
Reproductive Health
Donnay, F. and Woo Kinshella, M.-L. and Flint-O{'}kane, M. and Von Dadelszen, P. and Magee, L. and Vidler, M.
DOI: 10.1186/s12978-020-0871-x
2020

PRECISE pregnancy cohort: Challenges and strategies in setting up a biorepository in sub-Saharan Africa
Reproductive Health
Craik, R. and Russell, D. and Tribe, R.M. and Poston, L. and Omuse, G. and Okiro, P. and Chege, D. and Diatta, M. and Sesay, A.K. and Cuamba, I. and Carrilho, C. and Sevene, E. and Flint-O{'}kane, M. and Von Dadelszen, P. and D{'}Alessandro, U. and Roca, A. and Jah, H. and Ogochukwu, O. and Prentice, A. and Martinez-Alvarez, M. and Diallo, B. and Lette, K. and Bah, A. and Sanyang, C. and Temmerman, M. and Etyang, A.K. and Musitia, P. and Amondi, M. and Wanyonyi, S. and Chin, P. and Tchavana, C. and MacUacua, S. and Vala, A. and Boene, H. and Quimice, L. and MacUluve, S. and MacEte, E. and Mandomando, I. and Magee, L.A. and Strang, A. and Daniele, M. and Makanga, P.T. and Makacha, L. and Dube, Y.P. and Nyapwere, N. and Sandall, J. and Shennan, A. and Moore, S. and Salisbury, T. and Barett, B.M. and Chappell, L. and Beevers, S. and Bramham, K. and Papageorgiou, A. and Noble, A. and Blencowe, H. and Filippi, V. and Lawn, J. and Silver, M.J. and Chico, M. and Cartwright, J. and Whitley, G. and Krishna, S. and Vidler, M. and Li, J.L. and Bone, J. and Woo Kinshella, M.-L.M. and Payne, B.A. and Tu, D. and Tumtaweetikul, W. and Stones, W.
DOI: 10.1186/s12978-020-0874-7
2020

The PRECISE (PREgnancy Care Integrating translational Science, Everywhere) Network's first protocol: Deep phenotyping in three sub-Saharan African countries
Reproductive Health
Von Dadelszen, P. and Flint-O{'}kane, M. and Poston, L. and Craik, R. and Russell, D. and Tribe, R.M. and D{'}Alessandro, U. and Roca, A. and Jah, H. and Temmerman, M. and Koech Etyang, A. and Sevene, E. and Chin, P. and Lawn, J.E. and Blencowe, H. and Sandall, J. and Salisbury, T.T. and Barratt, B. and Shennan, A.H. and Makanga, P.T. and Magee, L.A. and Moore, S. and Chappell, L. and Beevers, S. and O{'}Kane, M.F. and Strang, A. and Daniele, M. and Peven, K. and Etyang, A.K. and Wanyonyi, S. and Omuse, G. and Okiro, P. and Amondi, M. and Musitia, P. and Boene, H. and Tchavana, C. and MacEte, E. and Cuamba, I. and Mandomando, I. and Filippi, V. and Martinez-Alvarez, M. and Diallo, B. and Ogochukwu, O. and Sesay, A.K. and Noble, A. and Papageorghiou, A. and Cartwright, J. and Whitley, G. and Krishna, S. and Vidler, M. and Singer, J. and Karim, E. and Payne, B. and Li, J.L. and Bone, J. and Tu, D. and Tumtaweetikul, W. and Sharma, S. and Stones, W. and Christoffels, A.
DOI: 10.1186/s12978-020-0872-9
2020

Harnessing the PRECISE network as a platform to strengthen global capacity for maternal and child health research in sub-Saharan Africa
Reproductive Health
Flint-O{'}kane, M. and Von Dadelszen, P. and Makanga, P.T. and Sevene, E. and Roca, A. and Dukes, P. and Hinrichs-Krapels, S. and Craik, R. and Magee, L.A. and Temmerman, M. and D{'}Alessandro, U. and Jah, H. and Oguchukwu, O. and Prentice, A. and Martinez-Alvarez, M. and Diallo, B. and Sesey, A. and Lette, K. and Bah, A. and Sanyang, C. and Etyang, A.K. and Musitia, P. and Amondi, M. and Chege, D. and Okiro, P. and Omuse, G. and Wanyonyi, S. and Chin, P. and Tchavana, C. and MacUacua, S. and Vala, A. and Boene, H. and Quimice, L. and MacUluve, S. and MacEte, E. and Mandomando, I. and Carillho, C. and Strang, A. and Daniele, M. and Russell, D. and Makacha, L. and Dube, Y. and Nyapwere, N. and Papageorgiou, A. and Noble, A. and Blencowe, H. and Filippi, V. and Lawn, J. and Silver, M. and Chico, M. and Cartwright, J. and Whitley, G. and Krishna, S. and Vidler, M. and Li, J.L. and Bone, J. and Kinshella, M.-L.M.W. and Payne, B.A. and Tu, D. and Tumtaweetikul, W. and Stones, W.
DOI: 10.1186/s12978-020-0876-5
2020

Community level interventions for pre-eclampsia (CLIP) in India: A cluster randomised controlled trial
Pregnancy Hypertension
Bellad, M.B. and Goudar, S.S. and Mallapur, A.A. and Sharma, S. and Bone, J. and Charantimath, U.S. and Katageri, G.M. and Ramadurg, U.Y. and Mark Ansermino, J. and Derman, R.J. and Dunsmuir, D.T. and Honnungar, N.V. and Karadiguddi, C. and Kavi, A.J. and Kodkany, B.S. and Lee, T. and Li, J. and Nathan, H.L. and Payne, B.A. and Revankar, A.P. and Shennan, A.H. and Singer, J. and Tu, D.K. and Vidler, M. and Wong, H. and Bhutta, Z.A. and Magee, L.A. and von Dadelszen, P.
DOI: 10.1016/j.preghy.2020.05.008
2020

Community-level interventions for pre-eclampsia (CLIP) in Mozambique: A cluster randomised controlled trial
Pregnancy Hypertension
Sevene, E. and Sharma, S. and Munguambe, K. and Sacoor, C. and Vala, A. and Macuacua, S. and Boene, H. and Mark Ansermino, J. and Augusto, O. and Bique, C. and Bone, J. and Dunsmuir, D.T. and Lee, T. and Li, J. and Macete, E. and Singer, J. and Wong, H. and Nathan, H.L. and Payne, B.A. and Sidat, M. and Shennan, A.H. and Tchavana, C. and Tu, D.K. and Vidler, M. and Bhutta, Z.A. and Magee, L.A. and von Dadelszen, P.
DOI: 10.1016/j.preghy.2020.05.006
2020

Health workers' views on factors affecting caregiver engagement with bubble CPAP
BMC Pediatrics
Salimu, S. and Kinshella, M.-L.W. and Vidler, M. and Banda, M. and Newberry, L. and Dube, Q. and Molyneux, E.M. and Goldfarb, D.M. and Kawaza, K. and Nyondo-Mipando, A.L.
DOI: 10.1186/s12887-020-02088-8
2020

Barriers and facilitators to implementing bubble CPAP to improve neonatal health in sub-Saharan Africa: A systematic review
Public Health Reviews
Kinshella, M.-L.W. and Walker, C.R. and Hiwa, T. and Vidler, M. and Nyondo-Mipando, A.L. and Dube, Q. and Goldfarb, D.M. and Kawaza, K.
DOI: 10.1186/s40985-020-00124-7
2020

Is the closest health facility the one used in pregnancy care-seeking? A cross-sectional comparative analysis of self-reported and modelled geographical access to maternal care in Mozambique, India and Pakistan
International Journal of Health Geographics
Makacha, L. and Makanga, P.T. and Dube, Y.P. and Bone, J. and Munguambe, K. and Katageri, G. and Sharma, S. and Vidler, M. and Sevene, E. and Ramadurg, U. and Charantimath, U. and Revankar, A. and Von Dadelszen, P.
DOI: 10.1186/s12942-020-0197-5
2020

"So sometimes, it looks like it's a neglected ward": Health worker perspectives on implementing kangaroo mother care in southern Malawi
PLoS ONE
Kinshella, M.-L.W. and Salimu, S. and Chiwaya, B. and Chikoti, F. and Chirambo, L. and Mwaungulu, E. and Banda, M. and Newberry, L. and Njirammadzi, J. and Hiwa, T. and Vidler, M. and Molyneux, E.M. and Dube, Q. and Mfutso-Bengo, J. and Goldfarb, D.M. and Kawaza, K. and Nyondo-Mipando, A.L.
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0243770
2020

Place-specific factors associated with adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes in Southern Mozambique: A retrospective cohort study
BMJ Open
Makanga, P.T. and Sacoor, C. and Schuurman, N. and Lee, T. and Vilanculo, F.C. and Munguambe, K. and Boene, H. and Ukah, U.V. and Vidler, M. and Magee, L.A. and Sevene, E. and Von Dadelszen, P. and Firoz, T.
DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-024042
2019

Policy review on the management of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia by community health workers in Mozambique
Human Resources for Health
Macu{\'a}cua, S. and Catal{\~a}o, R. and Sharma, S. and Val{\'a}, A. and Vidler, M. and MacEte, E. and Sidat, M. and Munguambe, K. and Von Dadelszen, P. and Sevene, E.
DOI: 10.1186/s12960-019-0353-9
2019

Prepregnancy and early pregnancy calcium supplementation among women at high risk of pre-eclampsia: a multicentre, double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial
The Lancet
Hofmeyr, G.J. and Betr{\'a}n, A.P. and Singata-Madliki, M. and Cormick, G. and Munjanja, S.P. and Fawcus, S. and Mose, S. and Hall, D. and Ciganda, A. and Seuc, A.H. and Lawrie, T.A. and Bergel, E. and Roberts, J.M. and von Dadelszen, P. and Beliz{\'a}n, J.M. and Althabe, F. and Sawchuck, D. and Vidler, M. and Allie, S. and Anthony, J. and Frank, K. and de Greeff, A. and Fawcus, S. and Hofmeyr, J. and Kovane, M. and Kovane, P. and Lawrie, T. and Mshweshwe, N. and Mqikela, V. and Njikelana, P. and Novikova, N. and Oyebajo, A. and Parker, C. and Phuti, A. and van Papendorp, E. and Williams, X. and Dannemann, T. and Seuc, A. and Magee, L. and Donnay, F. and Drebit, S. and Roberts, J. and Guzha, B. and Makaza, E. and Manyame, S. and Munjanja, S. and Tahuringana, E.
DOI: 10.1016/S0140-6736(18)31818-X
2019

Self-reported maternal morbidity: Results from the community level interventions for pre-eclampsia (CLIP) baseline survey in Sindh, Pakistan
Pregnancy Hypertension
Sheikh, S. and Qureshi, R.N. and Raza, F. and Memon, J. and Ahmed, I. and Vidler, M. and Payne, B.A. and Lee, T. and Sawchuck, D. and Magee, L. and von Dadelszen, P. and Bhutta, Z.
DOI: 10.1016/j.preghy.2019.05.016
2019

The incidence of pregnancy hypertension in India, Pakistan, Mozambique, and Nigeria: A prospective population-level analysis
PLoS Medicine
Magee, L.A. and Sharma, S. and Nathan, H.L. and Adetoro, O.O. and Bellad, M.B. and Goudar, S. and Macuacua, S.E. and Mallapur, A. and Qureshi, R. and Sevene, E. and Sotunsa, J. and Val{\'a}, A. and Lee, T. and Payne, B.A. and Vidler, M. and Shennan, A.H. and Bhutta, Z.A. and von Dadelszen, P.
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1002783
2019

The feasibility of task-sharing the identification, emergency treatment, and referral for women with pre-eclampsia by community health workers in India
Reproductive Health
Charanthimath, U. and Vidler, M. and Katageri, G. and Ramadurg, U. and Karadiguddi, C. and Kavi, A. and Joshi, A. and Mungarwadi, G. and Bannale, S. and Rakaraddi, S. and Sawchuck, D. and Qureshi, R. and Sharma, S. and Payne, B.A. and Von Dadelszen, P. and Derman, R. and Magee, L.A. and Goudar, S. and Mallapur, A. and Bellad, M. and Bhutta, Z. and Naik, S. and Mulla, A. and Kamle, N. and Dhamanekar, V. and Drebit, S.K. and Kariya, C. and Lee, T. and Li, J. and Lui, M. and Khowaja, A.R. and Tu, D.K. and Revankar, A.
DOI: 10.1186/s12978-018-0532-5
2018

Health and socio-demographic profile of women of reproductive age in rural communities of southern Mozambique
PLoS ONE
Sacoor, C. and Payne, B. and Augusto, O. and Vilanculo, F. and Nhacolo, A. and Vidler, M. and Makanga, P.T. and Munguambe, K. and Lee, T. and Macete, E. and von Dadelszen, P. and Sevene, E.
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0184249
2018

The CRADLE vital signs alert: qualitative evaluation of a novel device designed for use in pregnancy by healthcare workers in low-resource settings
Reproductive health
Nathan, H.L. and Boene, H. and Munguambe, K. and Sevene, E. and Akeju, D. and Adetoro, O.O. and Charanthimath, U. and Bellad, M.B. and de Greeff, A. and Anthony, J. and Hall, D.R. and Steyn, W. and Vidler, M. and von Dadelszen, P. and Chappell, L.C. and Sandall, J. and Shennan, A.H.
DOI: 10.1186/s12978-017-0450-y
2018

Availability and use of magnesium sulphate at health care facilities in two selected districts of North Karnataka, India
Reproductive Health
Katageri, G. and Charantimath, U. and Joshi, A. and Vidler, M. and Ramadurg, U. and Sharma, S. and Bannale, S. and Payne, B.A. and Rakaraddi, S. and Karadiguddi, C. and Mungarwadi, G. and Kavi, A. and Sawchuck, D. and Derman, R. and Goudar, S. and Mallapur, A. and Bellad, M. and Magee, L.A. and Qureshi, R. and Von Dadelszen, P.
DOI: 10.1186/s12978-018-0531-6
2018

A process evaluation plan for assessing a complex community-based maternal health intervention in Ogun State, Nigeria
BMC Health Services Research
Sharma, S. and Adetoro, O.O. and Vidler, M. and Drebit, S. and Payne, B.A. and Akeju, D.O. and Adepoju, A. and Jaiyesimi, E. and Sotunsa, J. and Bhutta, Z.A. and Magee, L.A. and Von Dadelszen, P. and Dada, O.
DOI: 10.1186/s12913-017-2124-4
2017

Maternal and newborn health in Karnataka State, India: The community level interventions for pre-eclampsia (CLIP) trial's baseline study results
PLoS ONE
Bellad, M.B. and Vidler, M. and Honnungar, N.V. and Mallapur, A. and Ramadurg, U. and Charanthimath, U. and Katageri, G. and Bannale, S. and Kavi, A. and Karadiguddi, C. and Sharma, S. and Lee, T. and Li, J. and Payne, B. and Magee, L. and Von Dadelszen, P. and Derman, R. and Goudar, S.S.
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0166623
2017

Seasonal variation in geographical access to maternal health services in regions of southern Mozambique
International Journal of Health Geographics
Makanga, P.T. and Schuurman, N. and Sacoor, C. and Boene, H.E. and Vilanculo, F. and Vidler, M. and Magee, L. and Dadelszen, P. and Sevene, E. and Munguambe, K. and Firoz, T.
DOI: 10.1186/s12942-016-0074-4
2017

Community health worker knowledge and management of pre-eclampsia in rural Karnataka State, India
Reproductive health
Ramadurg, U. and Vidler, M. and Charanthimath, U. and Katageri, G. and Bellad, M. and Mallapur, A. and Goudar, S. and Bannale, S. and Karadiguddi, C. and Sawchuck, D. and Qureshi, R. and von Dadelszen, P. and Derman, R.
2016

Magnocaine: Physical Compatibility and Chemical Stability of Magnesium Sulphate and Lidocaine Hydrochloride in Prefilled Syringes
Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada
Houlihan, S. and Decarie, D. and Benes, C. and Cleve, R. and Vidler, M. and Magee, L.A. and Ensom, M.H.H. and von Dadelszen, P.
DOI: 10.1016/j.jogc.2016.04.097
2016

Barriers and facilitators to health care seeking behaviours in pregnancy in rural communities of southern Mozambique
Reproductive Health
Munguambe, K. and Boene, H. and Vidler, M. and Bique, C. and Sawchuck, D. and Firoz, T. and Makanga, P.T. and Qureshi, R. and Macete, E. and Men{\'e}ndez, C. and Von Dadelszen, P. and Sevene, E.
DOI: 10.1186/s12978-016-0141-0
2016

Utilization of maternal health care services and their determinants in Karnataka State, India
Reproductive Health
Vidler, M. and Ramadurg, U. and Charantimath, U. and Katageri, G. and Karadiguddi, C. and Sawchuck, D. and Qureshi, R. and Dharamsi, S. and Joshi, A. and Von Dadelszen, P. and Derman, R. and Bellad, M. and Goudar, S. and Mallapur, A.
DOI: 10.1186/s12978-016-0138-8
2016

Human resource constraints and the prospect of task-sharing among community health workers for the detection of early signs of pre-eclampsia in Ogun State, Nigeria
Reproductive Health
Akeju, D.O. and Vidler, M. and Sotunsa, J.O. and Osiberu, M.O. and Orenuga, E.O. and Oladapo, O.T. and Adepoju, A.A. and Qureshi, R. and Sawchuck, D. and Adetoro, O.O. and Von Dadelszen, P. and Dada, O.A.
DOI: 10.1186/s12978-016-0216-y
2016

Community perceptions of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia in southern Mozambique
Reproductive Health
Boene, H. and Vidler, M. and Sacoor, C. and Nhama, A. and Nhacolo, A. and Bique, C. and Alonso, P. and Sawchuck, D. and Qureshi, R. and Macete, E. and Men{\'e}ndez, C. and Von Dadelszen, P. and Sevene, E. and Munguambe, K.
DOI: 10.1186/s12978-016-0135-y
2016

Community health worker knowledge and management of pre-eclampsia in rural Karnataka State, India
Reproductive Health
Ramadurg, U. and Vidler, M. and Charanthimath, U. and Katageri, G. and Bellad, M. and Mallapur, A. and Goudar, S. and Bannale, S. and Karadiguddi, C. and Sawchuck, D. and Qureshi, R. and Von Dadelszen, P. and Derman, R.
DOI: 10.1186/s12978-016-0219-8
2016

Community health worker knowledge and management of pre-eclampsia in southern Mozambique
Reproductive Health
Boene, H. and Vidler, M. and Augusto, O. and Sidat, M. and Macete, E. and Men{\'e}ndez, C. and Sawchuck, D. and Qureshi, R. and Von Dadelszen, P. and Munguambe, K. and Sevene, E.
DOI: 10.1186/s12978-016-0220-2
2016

Health care seeking behaviours in pregnancy in rural Sindh, Pakistan: A qualitative study
Reproductive Health
Qureshi, R.N. and Sheikh, S. and Khowaja, A.R. and Hoodbhoy, Z. and Zaidi, S. and Sawchuck, D. and Vidler, M. and Bhutta, Z.A. and Von Dadeslzen, P.
DOI: 10.1186/s12978-016-0140-1
2016

Potential for task-sharing to Lady Health Workers for identification and emergency management of pre-eclampsia at community level in Pakistan
Reproductive Health
Salam, R.A. and Qureshi, R.N. and Sheikh, S. and Khowaja, A.R. and Sawchuck, D. and Vidler, M. and Von Dadelszen, P. and Zaidi, S. and Bhutta, Z. and Sultana, Z. and Anwer, D. and Beth, P. and Olabisi, A. and Marianne, C. and Dada, O.A. and Sharla, D. and Tabassum, F. and Shivaprasad, G. and Chirag, K. and Geetanjali, K. and Tang, L. and Jing, L. and Sun, L.M. and Tatenda, M. and Umesh, R. and Sumedha, S. and Kunle, S. and Magee, L.A.
DOI: 10.1186/s12978-016-0214-0
2016

The feasibility of community level interventions for pre-eclampsia in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa: A mixed-methods design
Reproductive Health
Khowaja, A.R. and Qureshi, R.N. and Sawchuck, D. and Oladapo, O.T. and Adetoro, O.O. and Orenuga, E.A. and Bellad, M. and Mallapur, A. and Charantimath, U. and Sevene, E. and Munguambe, K. and Boene, H.E. and Vidler, M. and Bhutta, Z.A. and Von Dadelszen, P.
DOI: 10.1186/s12978-016-0133-0
2016

Community perceptions of pre-eclampsia in rural Karnataka State, India: A qualitative study
Reproductive Health
Vidler, M. and Charantimath, U. and Katageri, G. and Ramadurg, U. and Karadiguddi, C. and Sawchuck, D. and Qureshi, R. and Dharamsi, S. and Von Dadelszen, P. and Derman, R. and Goudar, S. and Mallapur, A. and Bellad, M.
DOI: 10.1186/s12978-016-0137-9
2016

Determinants of health care seeking behaviour during pregnancy in Ogun State, Nigeria
Reproductive Health
Akeju, D.O. and Oladapo, O.T. and Vidler, M. and Akinmade, A.A. and Sawchuck, D. and Qureshi, R. and Solarin, M. and Adetoro, O.O. and Von Dadelszen, P.
DOI: 10.1186/s12978-016-0139-7
2016

Health care provider knowledge and routine management of pre-eclampsia in Pakistan
Reproductive Health
Sheikh, S. and Qureshi, R.N. and Khowaja, A.R. and Salam, R. and Vidler, M. and Sawchuck, D. and Von Dadelszen, P. and Zaidi, S. and Bhutta, Z.
DOI: 10.1186/s12978-016-0215-z
2016

Community perspectives on the determinants of maternal health in rural southern Mozambique: a qualitative study
Reproductive Health
Firoz, T. and Vidler, M. and Makanga, P.T. and Boene, H. and Chia{\'u}, R. and Sevene, E. and Magee, L.A. and Von Dadelszen, P. and Munguambe, K.
DOI: 10.1186/s12978-016-0217-x
2016

Community's perceptions of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia in Sindh Pakistan: A qualitative study
Reproductive Health
Khowaja, A.R. and Qureshi, R.N. and Sheikh, S. and Zaidi, S. and Salam, R. and Sawchuck, D. and Vidler, M. and Von Dadelszen, P. and Bhutta, Z.
DOI: 10.1186/s12978-016-0136-x
2016

Community perceptions of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia in Ogun State, Nigeria: A qualitative study
Reproductive Health
Akeju, D.O. and Vidler, M. and Oladapo, O.T. and Sawchuck, D. and Qureshi, R. and Von Dadelszen, P. and Adetoro, O.O. and Dada, O.A.
DOI: 10.1186/s12978-016-0134-z
2016

Women's views and postpartum follow-up in the CHIPS Trial (Control of Hypertension in Pregnancy Study)
European Journal of Obstetrics Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
Vidler, M. and Magee, L.A. and von Dadelszen, P. and Rey, E. and Ross, S. and Asztalos, E. and Murphy, K.E. and Menzies, J. and Sanchez, J. and Singer, J. and Gafni, A. and Gruslin, A. and Helewa, M. and Hutton, E. and Lee, S.K. and Lee, T. and Logan, A.G. and Ganzevoort, W. and Welch, R. and Thornton, J.G. and Moutquin, J.-M. and Logan, A. and Ross, S. and Hoac, T. and Kirton, J. and Trigiani, K. and Zahid, A. and Bracken, M.B. and Crowley, P. and Duley, L. and Ehrenkranz, R. and Thorpe, K. and Chan, S. and Shi, M. and Yu, S. and Martin, R.L. and Bassi, M.F. and Caruso, M.C. and Lagunas, V. and Vera, F. and de Duhalde, M.M. and Roque, A.B. and Roldan, P. and Duhalde, E.M. and Dip, V. and Aguirre, J.D. and Morales, E.M.A. and Abreo, G.I. and De Sagastizabal, T. and Gomez, C. and Rizzi, N. and Arias, C. and Bruno, R.A. and Mahomed, K. and Drew, A. and Green, A. and Hoare, J. and Hague, B. and Coat, S. and Crowther, C. and Muller, P. and Trenowden, S. and Walters, B. and Parker, C. and Graham, D. and Pennell, C. and Sung, E. and Makris, A. and Lee, G. and Thornton, C. and Hennessy, A. and Farrell, L. and Sass, N. and Korkes, H. and Ferreira, D.C. and de Sa, R.A.M. and Abreu, M.S.M. and Bornia, R.G. and da Silva, N.R. and Cardoso, F.F.O. and Marques, C.C. and Hornos, J. and Davdt, R.L. and Paula, L.G. and Zanella, P.L. and Inglis, G. and Dillon, R. and Docherty, A. and Hutfield, A. and Still, K. and Lalji, S. and Van Tent, T. and Hotz, C. and Messmer, T. and Ray, J.G. and Berger, H. and De Souza, L. and Lausman, A. and Freire-Lizama, T. and Besel, K. and Gibson, P. and Ellsworth, G. and Miller, L. and Lee-Ann Hawkins, T. and Hladunewich, M. and Rogowsky, A. and Hui, D. and Collins, V. and Delisle, I. and Fanning, C. and Demianczuk, N. and Khurana, R. and Sia, W. and Marnoch, C. and Young, C. and Lux, C. and Perreault, S. and Tremblay, V. and C{\~A}{'}t{\~A}?, A.-M. and Desindes, S. and Dagenais, V. and Clark, H. and O{\^a}??shea, E. and White, R.R. and Gandhi, S. and Martin, M.-J. and Brush, C. and Seaward, G. and Newstead-Angel, J. and Brandt, J. and Martel, J. and Mytopher, K. and Buschau, E. and Keely, E. and Waddell, P. and Shachkina, S. and Karovitch, A. and Anderson, R. and Koenig, N. and Yong, T. and Vasiliou, M. and Johnson, P. and Allan, B. and Natale, R. and Kennedy, L. and Opatrny, L. and Lavigne, L. and Carson, G. and Kelly, S. and Crane, J. and Hutchens, D. and Kusanovic, J.P. and Figueroa, C. and Neculman, K.S. and Ortiz, J.A. and Vargas, P. and Ferrand, P. and Carrillo, J. and Borrero, R.C. and Gallo, D.M. and Moreno, L.F. and Kirss, F. and Rull, K. and Kirss, A. and Major, T. and Fodor, A. and Bartha, T. and Hallak, M. and Aslih, N. and Anabousi-Murra, S. and Pri-Or, E. and Harel, L. and Siev, S. and Hakim, M. and Khoury, C.S. and Hamati, N. and El-Zibdeh, M. and Yousef, L. and Hughes, R. and Leishman, D. and Pullar, B. and Farrant, M. and Swiatkowska-Freund, M. and Preis, K. and Traczyk-Los, A.A. and Partyka, A. and Preis-Orlikowska, J. and Lukaszuk, M. and Krasomski, G. and Krekora, M. and Kedzierska-Markowicz, A. and Zych-Krekora, K. and Breborowicz, G.H. and Dera-Szymanowska, A. and Bakker, J. and Akkermans, J. and Pels, A. and van den Akker, E. and Logtenberg, S. and Koenen, S. and de Reus, M. and Borman, D. and Oudijk, M.A. and Bolte, A. and Verfaille, V. and Graaf, B. and Porath, M. and Verhoeven, C. and Mol, B.W. and Franssen, M.T.M. and Ulkeman, L. and Hamming, I. and Keurentjes, J.H.M. and van der Wal, I. and Nij Bijvank, S.W.A. and Lutjes, A.A. and Visser, H. and Scheepers, H.C.J. and van Beek, E. and van Dam, C. and van den Berg-Swart, K. and Pernet, P. and van der Goes, B. and Schuitemaker, N. and Kleiverda, G. and van Alphen, M. and Rosman, A. and Gaugler-Senden, I. and Linders, M. and Nelson-Piercy, C. and Briley, A. and Soh, M.C. and Harding, K. and Tarft, H. and Churchill, D. and Cheshire, K. and Icke, J. and Ghosh, M. and Thornton, J. and Toomassi, Y. and Barker, K. and Fisher, J. and Grace, N. and Green, A. and Gower, J. and Molnar, A. and Parameshwaran, S. and Simm, A. and Bugg, G. and Davis, Y. and Desphande, R. and Gunn, Y. and Houda, M. and Jones, N. and Waugh, J. and Allan, C. and Waring, G. and Walkinshaw, S.A. and Pascall, A. and Clement-Jones, M. and Dower, M. and Houghton, G. and Longworth, H. and Purewal, T. and Tuffnell, D. and Farrar, D. and Syson, J. and Butterfield, G. and Jones, V. and Palethorpe, R. and Germaine, T. and Habiba, M. and Lee, D. and Eniola, O. and Blake, L. and Khan, J. and Cameron, H.M. and Hinshaw, K. and Bargh, A. and Walton, E. and Sorinola, O. and Guy, A. and D{\^a}??souza, Z. and Gabriel, R. and Williams, J. and Hollands, H. and Jibodu, O. and Collier, S. and Tottie, P. and Oxby, C. and Dwyer, J. and Majoko, F. and Goldring, H. and Jones, S. and Cresswell, J. and Underwood, L. and Kelly-Baxter, M. and Robinson, R. and Anumba, D. and Chamberlain, A. and Pye, C. and Tower, C. and Woods, S. and Horrocks, L. and Prichard, F. and 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DOI: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2016.07.509
2016

Community health workers' knowledge and practice in relation to pre-eclampsia in Ogun State, Nigeria: an essential bridge to maternal survival
Reproductive Health
Sotunsa, J.O. and Vidler, M. and Akeju, D.O. and Osiberu, M.O. and Orenuga, E.O. and Oladapo, O.T. and Qureshi, R. and Sawchuck, D. and Adetoro, O.O. and Von Dadelszen, P. and Dada, O.A.
DOI: 10.1186/s12978-016-0218-9
2016

Community health worker knowledge and management of pre-eclampsia in southern Mozambique
Reproductive health
Boene, H. and Vidler, M. and Augusto, O. and Sidat, M. and Macete, E. and Men{\'e}ndez, C. and Sawchuck, D. and Qureshi, R. and von Dadelszen, P. and Munguambe, K. and Sevene, E.
2016

Magnesium Sulphate for the Management of Preeclampsia and Eclampsia in Low and Middle Income Countries: A Systematic Review of Tested Dosing Regimens
Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada
Gordon, R. and Magee, L.A. and Payne, B. and Firoz, T. and Sawchuck, D. and Tu, D. and Vidler, M. and de Silva, D. and von Dadelszen, P.
DOI: 10.1016/S1701-2163(15)30662-9
2014

Oral antihypertensive therapy for severe hypertension in pregnancy and postpartum: a systematic review
BJOG : an international journal of obstetrics and gynaecology
Firoz, T. and Magee, L.A. and MacDonell, K. and Payne, B.A. and Gordon, R. and Vidler, M. and von Dadelszen, P.
DOI: 10.1111/1471-0528.12737
2014

Pharmacotherapy for Preeclampsia in Low and Middle Income Countries: An Analysis of Essential Medicines Lists
Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada
Lalani, S. and Firoz, T. and Magee, L.A. and Sawchuck, D. and Payne, B. and Gordon, R. and Vidler, M. and von Dadelszen, P.
DOI: 10.1016/S1701-2163(15)30993-2
2013

Preeclampsia in Low and Middle Income Countries-Health Services Lessons Learned From the PRE-EMPT (PRE-Eclampsia-Eclampsia Monitoring, Prevention & Treatment) Project
Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada
von Dadelszen, P. and Firoz, T. and Donnay, F. and Gordon, R. and Justus Hofmeyr, G. and Lalani, S. and Payne, B.A. and Roberts, J.M. and Teela, K.C. and Vidler, M. and Sawchuck, D. and Magee, L.A.
DOI: 10.1016/S1701-2163(16)35405-6
2012

Non-physician providers of obstetric care in Mexico: Perspectives of physicians, obstetric nurses and professional midwives
Human Resources for Health
DeMaria, L.M. and Campero, L. and Vidler, M. and Walker, D.
DOI: 10.1186/1478-4491-10-6
2012

Research

PRECISE AND PRECISE DYAD
PRECISE will establish a cohort of 10,000 pregnant women across East, West and Southern Africa. With their consent we will collect biological samples and information about their lives, contexts and stories. This information will provide a unique and holistic data set that will be used to investigate the potential for introduction of novel methods to assist with diagnosis and management of placental disorders. A major legacy will be the highly-phenotyped representative PRECISE cohort of West, East and Southern African women and the creation of an incomparable African-based biorepository for future hypothesis-generated and -generating research. The core activity will be to collect environmental, social, geographical, demographic, clinical, and biological data related to three populations of women.

Building upon the detailed pregnancy information and samples established by PRECISE, PRECISE-DYAD will follow up 4800 women who participated in PRECISE in The Gambia and Kenya, and their children. We aim to determine if, and how, pregnancies complicated by pregnancy hypertension, fetal growth restriction, stillbirth, and/or preterm birth, identify those more likely to avoid complications in subsequent pregnancies, mental ill-health, or early onset of cardiometabolic diseases. We will also assess the impact of these pregnancy disorders on the children’s physical, mental, and neurodevelopmental health until three years of age. We will explore the consequences for maternal health trajectories of caring for children with moderate-to-severe neurodevelopmental delay resulting from complicated pregnancies, and will interrogate interactions with social determinants of health, including environmental exposures on maternal and infant health.

The Arrowsmith UBC-University of Rwanda Partnership
The University of British Columbia’s Faculty of Medicine entered into a partnership with the University of Rwanda aimed in 2018. This collaboration will facilitate curriculum development, clinical pedagogy, service delivery, and strengthened research capacity to assist in the development of in-country specialist clinicians and educators who can continue to help develop capacity throughout Rwanda and regionally.

ENGAGE
The ENGAGE (ENhancinG vAGinal dElivery in Greece) Trial is taking place in twenty-two maternity units in Greece involving 20.000 to 25.000 births. Study interventions include implementation of HSOG (Hellenic Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology) guidelines on labor management and targeted training on cardiotocography, obstetric emergencies and the Robson criteria. The total duration of the study is estimated to be 22 months. The primary outcome assessed will be the change in caesarean section rate and the secondary outcomes will be maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. The study is expected to yield new information about interventions to reduce unnecessary cesarean sections in Greece. These results may inform efforts to improve the quality of maternal and neonatal care, particularly to reduce the high cesarean section rates in Greece, leading the way how they can be reduced worldwide.

Grants

PRECISE-DYAD - Linking Maternal and Infant Health Trajectories in Sub-Saharan Africa. Co-applicant. Funding Sources - Wellcome Trust (The) Partnership for Global Health Research Collaborative Award. Total Funding - $99,680. 2020/3 - 2024/3.

PRECISE (PREgnancy Care Integrating translational Science, Everywhere) Network - a Sub-Saharan Network for Placental Disorders. Co-investigator. Funding Sources - Medical Research Council (UK) Global Challenges Research Fund. Total Funding - $14,075,013. 2017/10 - 2021/12.

Integrating a Neonatal Healthcare Package in Malawi. Co-investigator. Funding Sources - International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Innovating for Maternal and Child Health in Africa. Total Funding - $981,153. 2018/1 - 2021/3.

Research Group Members

Maggie Kinshella, PhD Candidate
Larry Li, Database Manager
Shazmeen Omar, Research Assistant
Kelly Pickerill, Research Assistant
Sarina Prasad, Research Assistant
Kayvan Ravel, Research Assistant