Overview

Research interests during my career have focused around the field of pediatric heart and lung surgery. Specifically, I have been involved in a variety of projects related to improving the outcome of children born with complicated heart and lung disorders following corrective surgery or transplantation.

My research interests started during my surgical training, when I studied abnormal heart rhythms following congenital heart operations, utilizing an animal model. During my time on faculty at the University of Pittsburgh, I was involved in a large scale project designed to optimize outcomes following pediatric cardiac transplantation. While on faculty at Washington University in Saint Louis, I was involved with the Pediatrics subcommittee of the INTERMACS registry and I was the site primary investigator for the FDA sponsored US Berlin Heart IDE trial.

Publications

Jellyfish-Like Accessory Mitral Valve Tissue Causing Near-Collapse in a Young Child
World Journal for Pediatric and Congenital Heart Surgery
Hideyuki Kato, Carolina Escudero, Elizabeth Sherwin, Martin Hosking, Sanjiv K. Gandhi
DOI: 10.1177/2150135116668335
11/2016

Valvar aortico-ventricular tunnel: an insight into the development of the great arteries
Cardiology in the Young
Khadijah Maghrabi, Sanjiv Gandhi, Kevin C. Harris
DOI: 10.1017/s1047951116001888
11/2016

Levoatriocardinal vein in D-transposition of the great arteries
Cardiology in the Young
Shreya Moodley, Walter Duncan, Sanjiv Gandhi
DOI: 10.1017/s1047951116000652
05/2016

Hybridizing the hybrid procedure
The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Sanjiv K. Gandhi
DOI: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2015.10.056
02/2016

Hybrid stenting for left ventricular outflow tract obstruction in congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries
Cardiology in the Young
Steven L. Rathgeber, Sanjiv K. Gandhi, Kevin C. Harris
DOI: 10.1017/s1047951116002572
2016

It's not “just a shunt” but sometimes it should be…
The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Sanjiv K. Gandhi
DOI: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2015.08.096
11/2015

The hybrid strategy: Too little too early and too much too late?
The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Sanjiv K. Gandhi
DOI: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2014.12.047
04/2015

Nonuniform and Variable Arrangements of Ryanodine Receptors Within Mammalian Ventricular Couplons
Circulation Research
P. Asghari, D. R. L. Scriven, S. Sanatani, S. K. Gandhi, A. I. M. Campbell, E. D. W. Moore
DOI: 10.1161/circresaha.115.303897
04/2014

Ventricular Assist Device Support in Children
Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Sanjiv K. Gandhi, Deirdre J. Epstein
DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4471-6356-5_26
2014

Minimizing the Risk of Preoperative Brain Injury in Neonates with Aortic Arch Obstruction
The Journal of Pediatrics
Selma O. Algra, Felix Haas, Kenneth J. Poskitt, Floris Groenendaal, Antonius N.J. Schouten, Nicolaas J.G. Jansen, Anthony Azakie, Sanjiv Gandhi, Andrew Campbell, Steven P. Miller, Patrick S. McQuillen, Linda S. de Vries
DOI: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2014.08.066
2014

Should early extubation be the goal for children after congenital cardiac surgery?
The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Kevin C. Harris, Spencer Holowachuk, Sandy Pitfield, Shubhayan Sanatani, Norbert Froese, James E. Potts, Sanjiv K. Gandhi
DOI: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2014.06.093
2014

Early extubation in neonates, infants, and children undergoing surgery for congenital heart disease
Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
2014

Infant Repair of Massive Aortic Aneurysm With Prosthetic Valved Conduit
The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Jake D. Hiebert, Ben C. Auld, Takashi Sasaki, Norbert R. Froese, Melanie K. Ganshorn, Neil D. Casey, Derek G. Human, Sanjiv K. Gandhi
DOI: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2012.12.054
09/2013

Nitric oxide delivery during cardiopulmonary bypass reduces postoperative morbidity in children—a randomized trial
The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Paul A. Checchia, Ronald A. Bronicki, Jared T. Muenzer, David Dixon, Steve Raithel, Sanjiv K. Gandhi, Charles B. Huddleston
DOI: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2012.09.100
09/2013

Anomalies of Systemic Veinous Drainage
Mastery of Cardiothoracic Surgery, 3rd edition
2013

Conservative Management of Iatrogenic Esophageal Perforation During Neonatal Cardiac Surgery
World Journal for Pediatric and Congenital Heart Surgery
Takashi Sasaki, Gordon Culham, Sanjiv K. Gandhi
DOI: 10.1177/2150135112443268
10/2012

Trends in the Indications and Survival in Pediatric Heart Transplants: A 24-year Single-Center Experience in 307 Patients
The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Rochus K. Voeller, Deirdre J. Epstein, Tracey J. Guthrie, Sanjiv K. Gandhi, Charles E. Canter, Charles B. Huddleston
DOI: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2012.02.052
09/2012

Pediatric Lung Transplantation
Pediatric Surgery
Sanjiv K. Gandhi, Albert Faro, Charles B. Huddleston
DOI: 10.1016/b978-0-323-07255-7.00051-9
2012

Bridging children of all sizes to cardiac transplantation: The initial multicenter North American experience with the Berlin Heart EXCOR ventricular assist device
The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
David L.S. Morales, Christopher S.D. Almond, Robert D.B. Jaquiss, David N. Rosenthal, David C. Naftel, M. Patricia Massicotte, Tilman Humpl, Mark W. Turrentine, James S. Tweddell, Gordon A. Cohen
DOI: 10.1016/j.healun.2010.08.033
01/2011

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in pediatric lung transplantation
The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Varun Puri, Deirdre Epstein, Steven C. Raithel, Sanjiv K. Gandhi, Stuart C. Sweet, Albert Faro, Charles B. Huddleston
DOI: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2010.04.012
08/2010

Mechanical Circulatory Support of the Critically Ill Child Awaiting Heart Transplantation
Current Cardiology Reviews
Avihu Gazit, Sanjiv Gandhi, Charles Canter
DOI: 10.2174/157340310790231617
02/2010

Dismal Lung Transplant Outcomes in Children With Tetralogy of Fallot With Pulmonary Atresia Compared to Eisenmenger Syndrome or Pulmonary Vein Stenosis
The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
R. Mark Grady, Sanjiv Gandhi, Stuart C. Sweet, Jingnan Mao, Charles B. Huddleston
DOI: 10.1016/j.healun.2009.07.010
11/2009

Current treatment of aortopulmonary window
Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
Spencer J. Melby, Sanjiv K. Gandhi
DOI: 10.1007/s11936-009-0040-6
09/2009

Defining vasodilatory shock following cardiac surgery in children: When, where, how often?*
Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Paul A. Checchia, Sanjiv K. Gandhi
DOI: 10.1097/pcc.0b013e3181a32ffd
05/2009

Lung Transplantation in Infants and Toddlers from 1990 to 2004 at St. Louis Children's Hospital
American Journal of Transplantation
A. Elizur, A. Faro, C. B. Huddleston, S. K. Gandhi, D. White, C. A. Kuklinski, S. C. Sweet
DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-6143.2009.02552.x
04/2009

Isolated Left Subclavian Artery
The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Stefano Schena, Sanjiv K. Gandhi
DOI: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2008.01.063
11/2008

Complement Fragment C4d and C3d Deposition in Pediatric Heart Receipients With a Positive Crossmatch
The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
Dudley B. Holt, Helen Liapis, Thalchallour Mohanakumar, Donna R. Phelan, Sanjiv K. Gandi, Charles B. Huddleston, Charles E. Canter
DOI: 10.1016/j.healun.2008.07.013
10/2008

Biventricular Assist Devices as a Bridge to Heart Transplantation in Small Children
Circulation
S. K. Gandhi, C. B. Huddleston, D. T. Balzer, D. J. Epstein, T. A. Boschert, C. E. Canter
DOI: 10.1161/circulationaha.107.754002
09/2008

Beyond Berlin: Heart transplantation in the “untransplantable”
The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Sanjiv K. Gandhi, R. Mark Grady, Charles B. Huddleston, David T. Balzer, Charles E. Canter
DOI: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2008.01.032
08/2008

Infectious, Malignant, and Autoimmune Complications in Pediatric Heart Transplant Recipients
The Journal of Pediatrics
Agnieszka Kulikowska, Sarah E. Boslaugh, Charles B. Huddleston, Sanjiv K. Gandhi, Carl Gumbiner, Charles E. Canter
DOI: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2007.10.018
05/2008

PEDIATRIC MEDIASTINAL TUMORS
Pearson's Thoracic and Esophageal Surgery
Sanjiv K. Gandhi
DOI: 10.1016/b978-0-443-06861-4.50139-8
2008

Pediatric primary cardiac tumors: Diagnosis and treatment
Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
Avihu Z. Gazit, Sanjiv K. Gandhi
DOI: 10.1007/s11936-007-0060-z
10/2007

Mortality and Morbidity in Pre-sensitized Pediatric Heart Transplant Recipients With a Positive Donor Crossmatch Utilizing Peri-operative Plasmapheresis and Cytolytic Therapy
The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
D. Byron Holt, Douglas M. Lublin, Donna L. Phelan, Sarah E. Boslaugh, Sanjiv K. Gandhi, Charles B. Huddleston, Jeffrey E. Saffitz, Charles E. Canter
DOI: 10.1016/j.healun.2007.07.011
09/2007

Lower Incidence of Bronchiolitis Obliterans in Pediatric Liver???Lung Transplant Recipients With Cystic Fibrosis
Transplantation
Albert Faro, Ross Shepherd, Charles B. Huddleston, Jeffrey Lowell, Sanjiv Gandhi, Michelle Nadler, Stuart C. Sweet
DOI: 10.1097/01.tp.0000266067.44499.07
06/2007

Anticoagulation and Pediatric Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation: Impact of Activated Clotting Time and Heparin Dose on Survival
The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Christopher W. Baird, David Zurakowski, Barbara Robinson, Sanjiv Gandhi, Leighann Burdis-Koch, Joseph Tamblyn, Ricardo Munoz, Karol Fortich, Frank A. Pigula
DOI: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2006.09.054
03/2007

Pre-transplant Mechanical Ventilation Increases Short-term Morbidity and Mortality in Pediatric Patients With Cystic Fibrosis
The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
Arnon Elizur, Stuart C. Sweet, Charles B. Huddleston, Sanjiv K. Gandhi, Sarah E. Boslaugh, Cadence A. Kuklinski, Albert Faro
DOI: 10.1016/j.healun.2006.11.597
02/2007

Infant Heart Transplantation Ten Years Later—Where Are They Now?
The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Sanjiv K. Gandhi, Charles E. Canter, Agnieszka Kulikowska, Charles B. Huddleston
DOI: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2006.08.016
01/2007

Anomalies of Systemic Venous Drainage
Mastery of Cardiothoracic Surgery, 2nd edition
2007

Atrial arrhythmia surgery in congenital heart disease
Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology
Sanjiv K. Gandhi
DOI: 10.1007/s10840-007-9181-2
2007

Ventricular Assist Device Support in Children and Adolescents as a Bridge to Heart Transplantation
The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Mahesh S. Sharma, Steven A. Webber, Victor O. Morell, Sanjiv K. Gandhi, Peter D. Wearden, Julianne R. Buchanan, Robert L. Kormos
DOI: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2006.02.087
09/2006

Living donor lobar grafts improve pediatric lung retransplantation survival
The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Benjamin D. Kozower, Stuart C. Sweet, Maite de la Morena, Pamela Schuler, Tracey J. Guthrie, G. Alexander Patterson, Sanjiv K. Gandhi, Charles B. Huddleston
DOI: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2005.08.074
05/2006

Normal ventricular function six days after repair of anomalous left coronary artery
International Journal of Cardiology
Brian Feingold, Ricardo Muñoz, Sanjiv K. Gandhi
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2005.03.016
04/2006

Pulsatile Paracorporeal Assist Devices in Children and Adolescents with Biventricular Failure
ASAIO Journal
Mahesh S. Sharma, Steven A. Webber, Sanjiv K. Gandhi, Victor O. Morell, Steven Winowich, Julianne R. Buchanan, Robert L. Kormos
DOI: 10.1097/01.mat.0000177679.55397.e2
09/2005

Impact of ELISA-Detected Anti-HLA Antibodies on Pediatric Cardiac Allograft Outcome
Human Immunology
Sylvie Di Filippo, Alin Girnita, Steven A. Webber, Sabrina Tsao, Gerard J. Boyle, Susan A. Miller, Sanjiv K. Gandhi, Adriana Zeevi
DOI: 10.1016/j.humimm.2004.12.008
05/2005

Impact of TGFß1 gene polymorphisms on late renal function in pediatric heart transplantation
Human Immunology
Sylvie Di Filippo, Adriana Zeevi, Kevin K. McDade, Gerard J. Boyle, Susan A. Miller, Sanjiv K. Gandhi, Steven A. Webber
DOI: 10.1016/j.humimm.2004.09.018
02/2005

Congenital Membranous Obstruction of the Inferior Vena Cava
The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Sanjiv K. Gandhi, Frank A. Pigula
DOI: 10.1016/s0003-4975(03)01250-5
11/2004

Autologous patch angioplasty of the left main coronary artery in a pediatric patient: 7-year follow-up
The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Petros V Anagnostopoulos, Frank A Pigula, John L Myers, Lee B Beerman, Ralph D Siewers, Sanjiv K Gandhi
DOI: 10.1016/s0003-4975(03)01262-1
04/2004

Interim Mortality in Pulmonary Atresia With Intact Ventricular Septum
The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Kathleen N. Fenton, Frank A. Pigula, Sanjiv K. Gandhi, Linda Russo, Kim F. Duncan
DOI: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2004.06.015
2004

Closed correction of systemic semilunar valve insufficiency in the neonate
The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Frank A Pigula, C.Becket Mahnke, Petros Agnastopolous, Alfonso Casta, Ricardo Munoz, Sanjiv K Gandhi
DOI: 10.1016/s0022-5223(03)01016-x
11/2003

Long-term survival after pediatric cardiac transplantation and postoperative ECMO support
The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Kathleen N Fenton, Steven A Webber, David A Danford, Sanjiv K Gandhi, Jayson Periera, Frank A Pigula
DOI: 10.1016/s0003-4975(03)00659-3
09/2003

Intrapericardial teratoma in a neonate
The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Subash C. Reddy, Kathleen M. Fenton, Sanjiv K. Gandhi, Lizabeth M. Lanford, Frank A. Pigula
DOI: 10.1016/s0003-4975(02)04680-5
08/2003

Intramural left coronary artery associated with right ventricular outflow tract obstruction
The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Sanjiv K. Gandhi, Frank A. Pigula, Ralph D. Siewers
DOI: 10.1067/mtc.2003.51
03/2003

Rare association of a carotid pseudoaneurysm and coarctation of the aorta
Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
S Reddy
DOI: 10.1016/s1569-9293(03)00080-x
2003

Traumatic aortic transection in a child with an anomalous right subclavian artery
The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Sanjiv K Gandhi, Derek Von Haag, Steven A Webber, Frank A Pigula
DOI: 10.1016/s0003-4975(03)01178-0
2003

Strategies for Aortic Arch Reconstruction Without Circulatory Arrest
Advanced Therapy in Cardiac Surgery
2003

Tacrolimus dosage requirements after initiation of azole antifungal therapy in pediatric thoracic organ transplantation
Pediatric Transplantation
C. Becket Mahnke, Robert M. Sutton, Raman Venkataramanan, Marian Michaels, Geoffrey Kurland, Gerard J. Boyle, Yuk M. Law, Susan A. Miller, Frank A. Pigula, Sanjiv Gandhi, Steven A. Webber
DOI: 10.1046/j.1397-3142.2003.00103.x
2003

A Case Report of Combined Pediatric Heart-Lung-Liver Transplantation
Transplantation
Sanjiv K. Gandhi and Jorge Reyes and Steven A. Webber and Ralph D. Siewers and and Frank A. Pigula
DOI: 10.1097/00007890-200206270-00024
06/2002

Successful late reintervention after the arterial switch procedure
The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Sanjiv K Gandhi, Frank A Pigula, Ralph D Siewers
DOI: 10.1016/s0003-4975(01)03292-1
01/2002

Aortopulmonary size discrepancy is not a contraindication to the pediatric Ross operation
The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Frank A Pigula, Joseph Paolillo, Michael McGrath, Sanjiv K Gandhi, John L Myers, Beverly Rebovich, Ralph D Siewers
DOI: 10.1016/s0003-4975(01)03078-8
11/2001

Regional low-flow perfusion provides somatic circulatory support during neonatal aortic arch surgery
The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Frank A Pigula, Sanjiv K Gandhi, Ralph D Siewers, Peter J Davis, Steven A Webber, Edwin M Nemoto
DOI: 10.1016/s0003-4975(01)02727-8
08/2001

Cardiopulmonary transplantation for congenital heart disease in the adult
The Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
Frank A Pigula, Sanjiv K Gandhi, Julianne Ristich, David Stukus, Kenneth McCurry, Steven A Webber, Robert Keenan, Bartley P Griffith, Robert Kormos
DOI: 10.1016/s1053-2498(00)00229-1
03/2001

Complete surgical repair of aortic atresia with a normal left ventricle
The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Sanjiv K Gandhi, Ralph D Siewers, Frank A Pigula
DOI: 10.1016/s0003-4975(00)01828-2
2000

A canine model of atrial flutter following the intra-atrial lateral tunnel fontan operation
Journal of Electrocardiology
Burt I. Bromberg, Richard B. Schuessler, Sanjiv K. Gandhi, Mark D. Rodefeld, John P. Boineau, Charles B. Huddleston
DOI: 10.1016/s0022-0736(98)80038-1
01/1998

The Role of the Thoracic Surgeon in the Management of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
Advanced Therapy in Thoracic Surgery
1998

Spontaneous Atrial Flutter in a Chronic Canine Model of the Modified Fontan Operation
Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Sanjiv K Gandhi, Burt I Bromberg, Mark D Rodefeld, Richard B Schuessler, John P Boineau, James L Cox, Charles B Huddleston
DOI: 10.1016/s0735-1097(97)00263-5
10/1997

Complications of Transhiatal Esophagectomy
Chest Surgery Clinics of North America
1997

Anatomically based ablation of atrial flutter in an acute canine model of the modified Fontan operation
The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Mark D. Rodefeld, Sanjiv K. Gandhi, Charles B. Huddleston, Bryan J. Turken, Richard B. Schuessler, John P. Boineau, James L. Cox, Burt I. Bromberg
DOI: 10.1016/s0022-5223(96)70089-2
10/1996

Atrial flutter: A newly recognized complication of pediatric lung transplantation
The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Sanjiv K. Gandhi, Burt I. Bromberg, George B. Mallory, Charles B. Huddleston
DOI: 10.1016/s0022-5223(96)70099-5
10/1996

Left-sided atrial flutter: Characterization of a novel complication of pediatric lung transplantation in an acute canine model
The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Sanjiv K. Gandhi, Burt I. Bromberg, Richard B. Schuessler, John P. Boineau, James L. Cox, Charles B. Huddleston
DOI: 10.1016/s0022-5223(96)70100-9
10/1996

Selective management of embolized intracardiac missiles
The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Sanjiv K. Gandhi, Boyd C. Marts, Bhargav M. Mistry, John W. Brown, Rodney M. Durham, John E. Mazuski
DOI: 10.1016/0003-4975(96)00097-5
07/1996

Characterization and surgical ablation of atrial flutter after the classic fontan repair
The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Sanjiv K. Gandhi, Burt I. Bromberg, Richard B. Schuessler, Bryan J. Turken, John P. Boineau, James L. Cox, Charles B. Huddleston
DOI: 10.1016/0003-4975(96)00186-5
06/1996

Surgical technique and atrial arrhythmias after total cavopulmonary connection
The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Sanjiv K. Gandhi, Burt I. Bromberg, Charles B. Huddleston
DOI: 10.1016/s0022-5223(96)70239-8
06/1996

Lateral tunnel suture line variation reduces atrial flutter after the modified Fontan operation
The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Sanjiv K. Gandhi, Burt I. Bromberg, Mark D. Rodefeld, Richard B. Schuessler, John P. Boineau, James L. Cox, Charles B. Huddleston
DOI: 10.1016/0003-4975(96)00123-3
05/1996

Ischemic colitis
Diseases of the Colon & Rectum
Sanjiv K. Gandhi, Morin M. Hanson, Anthony M. Vernava, Donald L. Kaminski, Walter E. Longo
DOI: 10.1007/bf02048275
01/1996

The Current Status of Thoracoscopic Surgery
Surgical Innovation
S. K Gandhi, K. S. Naunheim
DOI: 10.1177/155335069600300403
1996

Research

Current Projects
International pediatric cardiac surgery. Project at BC Children's Hospital designed to investigate the appropriateness and impact of caring for international patients needing pediatric cardiac surgery.

Grants

National Institutes of Health, "Optimizing Outcome After Pediatric Heart Transplantation" (2004-2008)

National Institutes of Health, "Pediatric Circulatory Support" (2004-2009)

Honours & Awards

Nominee outstanding surgeon Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh, 2002

Nominee St. Louis University Hospital PastoralCare Award, 1996