Overview

Dr. Turner’s research focuses on understanding when and why people engage in behaviours that are physically harmful to themselves, including nonsuicidal self-injury, suicidal behaviors, disordered eating and alcohol/drug use. She focuses on using micro-longitudinal and longitudinal methods to observe how these behaviours change over minutes, hours, days, months and years. In addition, she uses epidemiological surveys to understand the population-level health impact of these behaviors across the lifespan.

Publications

Is the association of deliberate self-harm with emotional relief stable or dependent on emotional context?
Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
Kim L. Gratz, Matthew T. Tull, Katherine L. Dixon-Gordon, Brianna J. Turner, Alexander L. Chapman
DOI: 10.1016/j.jbtep.2018.03.003
09/2018

Occurrence and co-occurrence of nonsuicidal self-injury and disordered eating in a daily diary study: Which behavior, when?
Psychiatry Research
Turner, B.J. and Yiu, A. and Claes, L. and Muehlenkamp, J.J. and Chapman, A.L.
DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2016.09.012
2016

Characterizing Interpersonal Difficulties Among Young Adults Who Engage in Nonsuicidal Self-Injury Using a Daily Diary
Behavior Therapy
Turner, B.J. and Wakefield, M.A. and Gratz, K.L. and Chapman, A.L.
DOI: 10.1016/j.beth.2016.07.001
2016

The role of interpersonal conflict and perceived social support in nonsuicidal self-injury in daily life.
Journal of Abnormal Psychology
Brianna J. Turner, Rebecca J. Cobb, Kim L. Gratz, Alexander L. Chapman
DOI: 10.1037/abn0000141
2016

Non-suicidal self-injury with and without borderline personality disorder: Differences in self-injury and diagnostic comorbidity
Psychiatry Research
Brianna J. Turner, Katherine L. Dixon-Gordon, Sara B. Austin, Marcus A. Rodriguez, M. Zachary Rosenthal, Alexander L. Chapman
DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2015.07.058
11/2015

Temporal Associations Between Disordered Eating and Nonsuicidal Self-Injury: Examining Symptom Overlap Over 1 Year
Behavior Therapy
DOI: 10.1016/j.beth.2014.09.002
01/2015

Non-suicidal self-injury in patients with eating disorder: Associations with identity formation above and beyond anxiety and depression
Claes, L. and Luyckx, K. and Bijttebier, P. and Turner, B. and Ghandi, A. and Smets, J. and Norre, J. and Van Assche, L. and Verheyen, E. and Goris, Y. and Hoksbergen, I. and Schoevaerts, K.
DOI: 10.1002/erv.2341
2015

Personality profiles in Eating Disorders: Further evidence of the clinical utility of examining subtypes based on temperament
Psychiatry Research
DOI: 10.1016/j.psychres.2014.04.036
09/2014

Treating nonsuicidal self-injury: A systematic review of psychological and pharmacological interventions
Turner, B.J. and Austin, S.B. and Chapman, A.L.
2014

Prevalence and Correlates of Eating Disorder Symptoms in a Community Sample with Non-Suicidal Self-Injury
Yiu, A. and Turner, B.J. and Layden, B.K. and Chapman, A.L. and Zaitsoff, S.L.
DOI: 10.1007/s10862-014-9470-x
2014

Nonsuicidal Self-injury in Asian Versus Caucasian University Students: Who, How, and Why?
Turner, B.J. and Arya, S. and Chapman, A.L.
DOI: 10.1111/sltb.12113
2014

Why Stop Self-Injuring? Development of the Reasons to Stop Self-Injury Questionnaire
Turner, B.J. and Chapman, A.L. and Gratz, K.L.
DOI: 10.1177/0145445513508977
2014

Risk-related and protective correlates of nonsuicidal self-injury and co-occurring suicide attempts among incarcerated women
Chapman, A.L. and Gratz, K.L. and Turner, B.J.
DOI: 10.1111/sltb.12058
2014

How Often, or How Many Ways: Clarifying the Relationship Between Non-Suicidal Self-Injury and Suicidality
Turner, B.J. and Layden, B.K. and Butler, S.M. and Chapman, A.L.
DOI: 10.1080/13811118.2013.802660
2013

Intrapersonal and interpersonal functions of non suicidal self-injury: Associations with emotional and social functioning
Turner, B.J. and Chapman, A.L. and Layden, B.K.
DOI: 10.1111/j.1943-278X.2011.00069.x
2012

To Integrate or Not to Integrate Dialectical Behaviour Therapy with Other Therapy Approaches?
Chapman, A.L. and Turner, B.J. and Dixon-Gordon, K.L.
DOI: 10.1007/s10615-010-0283-4
2011

Psychotherapy for personality disorders
Dixon-Gordon, K.L. and Turner, B.J. and Chapman, A.L.
DOI: 10.3109/09540261.2011.586992
2011

Research

Laboratory Studies
Understanding the contingencies that promote and deter risky behaviours has important implications for developing treatments to reduce these behaviours. Dr. Turner's research uses laboratory-based studies to closely examine the impact of these contingencies on emotional, physiological and behavioural responses. Her lab studies typically include a clinical interview, psychophysiological monitoring, and a variety of computer-based tasks.

Developmental Studies
Developmental studies are important for understanding dynamic trajectories of risky behaviours across the lifespan. For instance, we know that many risky behaviours begin in adolescence. While some youth develop long-standing problems related to these behaviours, many others are able to stop them with little formal intervention. Dr. Turner's current research uses epidemiological surveys and accelerated longitudinal designs to understand the onset, course, and offset of risky behaviours during key developmental transitions.

Micro-longitudinal Studies
In order to understand when and why different behaviours occur, we need to directly observe those behaviours in their natural contexts. Micro-longitudinal studies use a variety of technologies, including smartphone-based surveys, passive digital monitoringm and wearable biosensors, to understand behaviours as they unfold in real-time and in real life. Dr. Turner is currently involved in several projects examining the social, cognitive and emotional contexts that increase risk for suicidal and nonsuicidal self-injury during and following psychiatric treatment in both youth and adults.

Grants

University of Victoria Internal Research/Creative Project Grants (2017-2018) Using mobile technologies to understand intentional self-harm in youth Principal Investigator: $9,910.43

Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, Insight Development Grant (2017-2019) Testing a novel person-context model of risk-taking behaviours in first-year undergraduates Principal Investigator: $74,841.00

National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) Behavioral and Integrative Treatment Development (R01) (2016-2021) Preventing Addiction Related Suicide (PARS) – Controlled Trial of Secondary Suicide Prevention Consultant: $25,000 sub-award (Total grant value: $2,845,581)

Honours & Awards

University of Washington School of Medicine 2015 Director’s Prize: The Nancy Robinson, PhD, Award for Outstanding Overall Achievement by a Psychology Resident

Military Suicide Research Consortium 2015 Student Research Training Day Travel Award

International Society for the Study of Self-injury 2016 Conference Travel Award