Overview

Concussion and mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), used synonymously in the literature, have received enormous attention in recent years, both in the popular press and the scientific literature, especially those related to hockey and football. The Centers for Disease Control has estimated that 1.6 to 3.8 million cases of sport-related concussions occur annually in the United States. Sport and recreational activities contribute to about 21% of all traumatic brain injuries among children in the US.

Concussions are caused by a direct blow to the head or other body part resulting in a rotational movement of the brain within the skull. It is important to recognize that a concussion can occur with or without loss of consciousness and symptoms can be subtle, including headache, confusion, nausea or dizziness, and may not appear for hours or days. Recommended treatment includes both physical and mental rest. If an individual returns to activity too soon and a second concussion is sustained before recovering from the first, a condition known as second-impact syndrome may occur: a swelling of the brain that can result in brain damage causing severe disability or even death. Furthermore, an individual is three times more likely to sustain a second concussion during recovery from a concussion.

Dr Babul's specializes in concussions/traumatic brain injuries and their prevention, recognition, treatment and management. She also examines trends and patterns of concussions in BC; and explores knowledge translation activities to raise awareness of concussion and mTBI among targeted audiences, including medical professionals; parents, coaches, and athletes; as well as school professionals.She is the chair and/or member of several provincial and national concussion advisory committees including the Chair of the BC Concussion Advisory Network, and is also a co-principal investigator on the Active & Safe grant-funded project, and co-investigator on the concussion-related SHRED (Surveillance in High Schools to Reduce Injuries) NFL grant-funded project.

Publications

Body checking in non-elite adolescent ice hockey leagues: It is never too late for policy change aiming to protect the health of adolescents
British Journal of Sports Medicine
Emery, C.A. and Eliason, P. and Warriyar, V. and Palacios-Derflingher, L. and Black, A.M. and Krolikowski, M. and Spencer, N. and Sick, S. and Kozak, S. and Schneider, K.J. and Babul, S. and Mrazik, M. and Lebrun, C. and Goulet, C. and Macpherson, A. and Hagel, B.E.
DOI: 10.1136/bjsports-2020-103757
2022

Socioeconomic factors and substances involved in poisoning-related emergency department visits in British Columbia, Canada
Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
DOI: 10.24095/hpcdp.41.7/8.02
08/2021

Evidence of altered interhemispheric communication after pediatric concussion
Brain Injury
DOI: 10.1080/02699052.2021.1929485
08/2021

An examination into alcohol poisoning trends at one pediatric hospital during the easing of provincial liquor restrictions in British Columbia, Canada
Journal of Child and Adolescent Health
07/2021

Collaboration, Training and Resources to Support School Policy Development and Recovery from Concussion
Health Behavior and Policy Review
DOI: 10.14485/hbpr.8.3.7
06/2021

The Impact of COVID-19 on High School Student-Athlete Experiences with Physical Activity, Mental Health, and Social Connection
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18073515
03/2021

Stakeholder Recommendations to Increase the Accessibility of Online Health Information for Adults Experiencing Concussion Symptoms
Frontiers In Public Health
DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2020.557814
01/2021

Active & Safe Central: using a mixed-methods design and the RE-AIM framework to evaluate a sport and recreational injury prevention resource for practitioners in Canada
BMJ Open
DOI: doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-039070
01/2021

Reality check 2: The cost-effectiveness of policy disallowing body checking in non-elite 13-to 14-year-old ice hockey players
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Currie, G.R. and Lee, R. and Palacios-Derflingher, L. and Hagel, B. and Black, A.M. and Babul, S. and Mrazik, M. and Marshall, D.A. and Emery, C.A.
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph18126322
2021

Active & Safe Central: using a mixed-methods design and the RE-AIM framework to evaluate a sport and recreational injury prevention resource for practitioners in Canada
BMJ Open
Richmond, S.A. and Bruin, S. and Black, A.M. and Pike, I. and Babul, S.
DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-039070
2021

Socioeconomic factors and substances involved in poisoning-related emergency department visits in british columbia, canada
Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
Pawer, S. and Rajabali, F. and Zheng, A. and Pike, I. and Purssell, R. and Zargaran, A. and Babul, S.
DOI: 10.24095/HPCDP.41.7/8.02
2021

Stakeholder Recommendations to Increase the Accessibility of Online Health Information for Adults Experiencing Concussion Symptoms
Frontiers in Public Health
Beaton, M.D. and Hadly, G. and Babul, S.
DOI: 10.3389/fpubh.2020.557814
2021

Collaboration, training and resources to support school policy development and recovery from concussion
Health Behavior and Policy Review
Sadler, K. and Turcotte, K. and Babul, S.
DOI: 10.14485/HBPR.8.3.7
2021

De-implementing Prolonged Rest Advice for Concussion in Primary Care Settings: A Pilot Stepped Wedge Cluster Randomized Trial
Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
Silverberg, N.D. and Otamendi, T. and Panenka, W.J. and Archambault, P. and Babul, S. and MacLellan, A. and Li, L.C.
DOI: 10.1097/HTR.0000000000000609
2021

De-implementing Prolonged Rest Advice for Concussion in Primary Care Settings: A Pilot Stepped Wedge Cluster Randomized Trial.
The Journal of head trauma rehabilitation
Silverberg ND and Otamendi T and Panenka WJ and Archambault P and Babul S and MacLellan A and Li LC and Canadian TBI Research Consortium
DOI: 10.1097/htr.0000000000000609
PubMed: 32898029
09/2020

Association between concussion education and concussion knowledge, beliefs and behaviours among youth ice hockey parents and coaches: a cross-sectional study.
BMJ open
Black AM and Yeates KO and Babul S and Nettel-Aguirre A and Emery CA
DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-038166
PubMed: 32830117
08/2020

Concussion Awareness and Education among Sports Resource Providers in Uganda: Piloting the Concussion Awareness Training Tool (CATT)
Ann Sports Med Res
08/2020

Does disallowing body checking in non-elite 13- to 14-year-old ice hockey leagues reduce rates of injury and concussion? A cohort study in two Canadian provinces
British Journal of Sports Medicine
Emery, C., Palacios-Derflingher, L., Black, A. M., Eliason, P., Krolikowski, M., Spencer, N., ... & Hagel, B. E. (2020). Does disallowing body checking in non-elite 13-to 14-year-old ice hockey leagues reduce rates of injury and concussion? A cohort study in two Canadian provinces. British journal of sports medicine, 54(7), 414-420.
DOI: 10.1136/bjsports-2019-101092
04/2020

Delivering Evidence-Based Online Concussion Education to Medical and Healthcare Professionals: The Concussion Awareness Training Tool (CATT)
Journal of Sports Medicine
Babul S and Turcotte K and Lambert M and Hadly G and Sadler K
01/2020

Setting the baseline: A description of cannabis poisonings at a canadian pediatric hospital prior to the legalization of recreational cannabis
Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
Cheng, P. and Zargaran, A. and Rajabali, F. and Turcotte, K. and Babul, S.
DOI: 10.24095/hpcdp.40.5/6.08
2020

'Active & Safe Central': development of an online resource for the prevention of injury in sport and recreational activity.
Injury prevention : journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
Richmond SA and Black AM and Jacob J and Babul S and Pike I
DOI: 10.1136/injuryprev-2019-043164
PubMed: 31088897
05/2019

Prevention and Management of Sport-Related Concussions in Uganda: A Case Study
American Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
DOI: 10.12691/ajssm-7-2-2
05/2019

Disrupted information flow in resting-state in adolescents with sports related concussion
bioRxiv
Hristopulos, D.T. and Babul, A. and Babul, S. and Brucar, L.R. and Virji-Babul, N.
DOI: 10.1101/671685
2019

Disrupted Information Flow in Resting-State in Adolescents With Sports Related Concussion
Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
Hristopulos, D.T. and Babul, A. and Babul, S. and Brucar, L.R. and Virji-Babul, N.
DOI: 10.3389/fnhum.2019.00419
2019

Resting-state directed brain connectivity patterns in adolescents from source-reconstructed EEG signals based on information flow rate
bioRxiv
Hristopulos, D.T. and Babul, A. and Babul, S. and Brucar, L.R. and Virji-Babul, N.
DOI: 10.1101/608299
2019

Improving and standardizing concussion education and care: a Canadian experience.
Concussion (London, England)
Damji F and Babul S
DOI: 10.2217/cnc-2018-0007
PubMed: 30652012
10/2018

Brain Biomarkers in Pediatric Concussion: A Systematic Review
Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
DOI: DOI: 10.1016/j.apmr.2018.07.400
10/2018

Imaging in Pediatric Concussion: A Systematic Review.
Pediatrics
Schmidt J and Hayward KS and Brown KE and Zwicker JG and Ponsford J and van Donkelaar P and Babul S and Boyd LA
DOI: 10.1542/peds.2017-3406
PubMed: 29678928
05/2018

Return to learn after concussion in children.
Canadian family physician Medecin de famille canadien
Irvine A and Babul S and Goldman RD
PubMed: 29138156
11/2017

PREVENTING CONCUSSIONS IN YOUTH ICE HOCKEY: THE EFFECT OF LOCAL BODY CHECKING POLICY CHANGE
British Journal of Sports Medicine
Amanda M. Black and Brent E. Hagel and Kathryn J. Schneider and Willem H. Meeuwisse and Luz Palacios-Derflingher and Shelina Babul and Martin Mrazik and Carolyn A. Emery
DOI: 10.1136/bjsports-2016-097372.39
02/2017

Return to learn after concussion in children
Canadian Family Physician
Irvine, A. and Babul, S. and Goldman, R.D.
2017

A systematic review and best evidence synthesis of brain biomarkers of recovery in children and youth with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI)
Brain Injury
2017

The Burden of Sport & Recreational Injuries
Canadian Injury Prevention Resource: An evidence-informed guide to injury prevention in Canada
09/2015

Brain Injuries
Canadian Injury Prevention Textbook: An evidence-informed guide to injury prevention in Canada
09/2015

A qualitative review of sports concussion education: prime time for evidence-based knowledge translation
British Journal of Sports Medicine
Martin Mrazik and Christopher R Dennison and Brian L Brooks and Keith Owen Yeates and Shelina Babul and Dhiren Naidu
DOI: 10.1136/bjsports-2015-094848
08/2015

Addressing the need for standardized concussion care in Canada: Concussion Awareness Training Tool.
Canadian family physician Medecin de famille canadien
Babul S
PubMed: 26273074
08/2015

Severity of urban cycling injuries and the relationship with personal, trip, route and crash characteristics: analyses using four severity metrics
BMJ Open
P. A. Cripton and H. Shen and J. R. Brubacher and M. Chipman and S. M. Friedman and M. A. Harris and M. Winters and C. C. O. Reynolds and M. D. Cusimano and S. Babul and K. Teschke
DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2014-006654
01/2015

Addressing the need for standardized concussion care in Canada: Concussion awareness training tool,Répondre au besoin de normaliser la prise en charge de la commotion cérébrale au Canada: Outil de formation sur la commotion cérébrale
Canadian Family Physician
Babul, S.
2015

Bicycling crash circumstances vary by route type: a cross-sectional analysis
BMC Public Health
Kay Teschke and Theresa Frendo and Hui Shen and M Anne Harris and Conor CO Reynolds and Peter A Cripton and Jeff Brubacher and Michael D Cusimano and Steven M Friedman and Garth Hunte and Melody Monro and Lee Vernich and Shelina Babul and Mary Chipman and Meghan Winters
DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-14-1205
11/2014

Comparing the effects of infrastructure on bicycling injury at intersections and non-intersections using a case–crossover design
Injury Prevention
M Anne Harris and Conor C O Reynolds and Meghan Winters and Peter A Cripton and Hui Shen and Mary L Chipman and Michael D Cusimano and Shelina Babul and Jeffrey R Brubacher and Steven M Friedman and Garth Hunte and Melody Monro and Lee Vernich and Kay Teschke
DOI: 10.1136/injuryprev-2012-040561
02/2013

Personal and trip characteristics associated with safety equipment use by injured adult bicyclists: a cross-sectional study
BMC Public Health
Kay Teschke and Jeff R Brubacher and Steven M Friedman and Peter A Cripton and M Anne Harris and Conor CO Reynolds and Hui Shen and Melody Monro and Garth Hunte and Mary Chipman and Michael D Cusimano and Nancy Smith Lea and Shelina Babul and Meghan Winters
DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-12-765
09/2012

Safe cycling: how do risk perceptions compare with observed risk?
Canadian journal of public health = Revue canadienne de sante publique
Winters M and Babul S and Becker HJ and Brubacher JR and Chipman M and Cripton P and Cusimano MD and Friedman SM and Harris MA and Hunte G and Monro M and Reynolds CC and Shen H and Teschke K
PubMed: 23618088
2012

Route infrastructure and the risk of injuries to bicyclists: A case-crossover study
American Journal of Public Health
Teschke, K. and Harris, M.A. and Reynolds, C.C.O. and Winters, M. and Babul, S. and Chipman, M. and Cusimano, M.D. and Brubacher, J.R. and Hunte, G. and Friedman, S.M. and Monro, M. and Shen, H. and Vernich, L. and Cripton, P.A.
DOI: 10.2105/AJPH.2012.300762
2012

Safe cycling: How do risk perceptions compare with observed risk?
Canadian Journal of Public Health
Winters, M. and Babul, S. and Jack Becker, H.J.E.H. and Brubacher, J.R. and Chipman, M. and Cripton, P. and Cusimano, M.D. and Friedman, S.M. and Anne Harris, M. and Hunte, G. and Monro, M. and Reynolds, C.C.O. and Shen, H. and Teschke, K.
2012

Safe cycling: how do risk perceptions compare with observed risk?
Canadian journal of public health = Revue canadienne de sante publique
Winters M and Babul S and Becker HJ and Brubacher JR and Chipman M and Cripton P and Cusimano MD and Friedman SM and Harris MA and Hunte G and Monro M and Reynolds CC and Shen H and Teschke K
PubMed: 23618088
2012

Route Infrastructure and the Risk of Injuries to Bicyclists: A Case-Crossover Study
American Journal of Public Health
Kay Teschke and M. Anne Harris and Conor C.¿O. Reynolds and Meghan Winters and Shelina Babul and Mary Chipman and Michael D. Cusimano and Jeff R. Brubacher and Garth Hunte and Steven M. Friedman and Melody Monro and Hui Shen and Lee Vernich and Peter A. Cripton
DOI: 10.2105/ajph.2012.300762
2012

Vision screening of older drivers for preventing road traffic injuries and fatalities
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Ediriweera Desapriya and Harshani Wijeratne and Sayed Subzwari and Shelina Babul-Wellar and Kate Turcotte and Fahra Rajabali and Jacqueline Kinney and Ian Pike
DOI: 10.1002/14651858.cd006252.pub3
03/2011

Vision screening of older drivers for preventing road traffic injuries and fatalities.
Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online)
Desapriya, E. and Wijeratne, H. and Subzwari, S. and Babul-Wellar, S. and Turcotte, K. and Rajabali, F. and Kinney, J. and Pike, I.
2011

Comparison of on-reserve road versus off-reserve road motor vehicle crashes in Saskatchewan, Canada: A case control study
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Desapriya, E. and Fujiwara, T. and Verma, P. and Babul, S. and Pike, I.
DOI: 10.1177/1010539510361787
2011

Youth injuries in British Columbia: type, settings, treatment and costs, 2003–2007
International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
Bonnie Leadbeater and Shelina Babul and Mikael Jansson and Giulia Scime and Ian Pike
DOI: 10.1080/17457300903564561
06/2010

Developing injury indicators for Canadian children and youth: a modified-Delphi approach
Injury Prevention
I. Pike and S. Piedt and L. Warda and N. Yanchar and C. Macarthur and S. Babul and A. K. Macpherson
DOI: 10.1136/ip.2009.025007
06/2010

Head Restraints and Whiplash: The Past, Present and Future
Protective Devices: Types, Uses and Safety
2010

Vision screening of older drivers for preventing road traffic injuries and fatalities
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Sayed Subzwari and Ediriweera Desapriya and Shelina Babul-Wellar and Ian Pike and Kate Turcotte and Fahra Rajabali and Jacqueline Kinney
DOI: 10.1002/14651858.cd006252.pub2
01/2009

Misuse of child restraint seats
Consumer Product Safety Issues
2009

Vision screening of older drivers for preventing road traffic injuries and fatalities
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Subzwari, S. and Desapriya, E. and Babul-Wellar, S. and Pike, I. and Turcotte, K. and Rajabali, F. and Kinney, J.
DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD006252.pub2
2009

Child restraint seats: Use, misuse and strategies for improved action
Consumer Product Safety Issues
Desapriya, E. and Scime, G. and Babul, S. and Cripton, P. and Fujiwara, T. and Subzwari, S. and Pike, I.
2009

Effectiveness of cataract surgery in reducing driving-related difficulties: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Injury Prevention
S Subzwari and E Desapriya and G Scime and S Babul and K Jivani and I Pike
DOI: 10.1136/ip.2007.017830
10/2008

The appropriate and inappropriate use of child restraint seats in Manitoba
International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
John Blair and Angeliki Perdios and Shelina Babul and Kevin Young and Janice Beckles and Ian Pike and Peter Cripton and Debbie Sasges and Krishore Mulpuri and Ediriweera Desapriya
DOI: 10.1080/17457300802340980
09/2008

Compulsory child restraint seat law and motor vehicle child occupant deaths and injuries in Japan 1994–2005
International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
E. Desapriya and T. Fujiwara and G. Scime and S. Babul and I. Pike
DOI: 10.1080/17457300802080602
06/2008

An analysis of sport-related injuries: British Columbia children's hospital Emergency Department 1999 – 2003
International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
S. Babul and S. Nolan and M. Nolan and F. Rajabali
DOI: 10.1080/17457300701440659
09/2007

A randomized trial to assess the effectiveness of an infant home safety programme
International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion
S. Babul and L. Olsen and P. Janssen and P. McIntee and P. Raina
DOI: 10.1080/17457300701272474
06/2007

Health benefits of physical activity
Canadian Medical Association Journal
E. Desapriya
DOI: 10.1503/cmaj.1060093
09/2006

PUBLIC ATTITUDES, EPIDEMIOLOGY AND CONSEQUENCES OF DRINKING AND DRIVING IN BRITISH COLUMBIA
IATSS Research
E. DESAPRIYA and I. PIKE and S. BABUL
DOI: 10.1016/s0386-1112(14)60160-6
2006

Barriers to Exercise
Canadian Medical Association Journal
2006

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for delayed onset muscle soreness and closed soft tissue injury
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Michael H Bennett and Thomas M Best and Shelina Babul-Wellar and Jack E Taunton
DOI: 10.1002/14651858.cd004713.pub2
10/2005

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for delayed onset muscle soreness and closed soft tissue injury.
Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online)
Bennett, M. and Best, T.M. and Babul, S. and Taunton, J. and Lepawsky, M.
2005

Strategies for prevention of soccer related injuries: a systematic review.
British journal of sports medicine
Olsen L and Scanlan A and MacKay M and Babul S and Reid D and Clark M and Raina P
DOI: 10.1136/bjsm.2002.003079
PubMed: 14751956
02/2004

Effects of Intermittent Exposure to Hyperbaric Oxygen for the Treatment of an Acute Soft Tissue Injury
Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine
Shelina Babul and Edward C. Rhodes and Jack E. Taunton and Michael Lepawsky
DOI: 10.1097/00042752-200305000-00003
05/2003

EFFECTS OF INTERMITTENT EXPOSURE TO HYPERBARIC OXYGEN FOR THE TREATMENT OF DELAYED ONSET MUSCLE SORENESS
Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise
S Babul and E C. Rhodes and J E. Taunton and M Lepawsky
DOI: 10.1097/00005768-200105001-01643
05/2001

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy to Enhance Recovery from Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness
Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine
Lawrence E. Hart and Mark Tarnopolsky and Ann Lotter and Shelina Babul
DOI: 10.1097/00042752-200010000-00021
10/2000

The Role of Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy in Sports Medicine
Sports Medicine
Shelina Babul and Edward C. Rhodes
DOI: 10.2165/00007256-200030060-00002
2000

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy to enhance recovery from delayed onset muscle soreness.
Clinical journal of sport medicine : official journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Babul, S.
2000

Pathology of sudden death in the young.
The Canadian journal of cardiology
McManus BM and Babul S
PubMed: 9191507
11/1996

The Autopsy
Anderson's Pathology, 10th Edition
1996

Pathology of sudden death in the young
Canadian Journal of Cardiology
Mcmanus, B.M. and Babul, S.
1996

Commissural region dehiscence from the stent post of Carpentier-Edwards bioprosthetic cardiac valves
Cardiovascular Pathology
Michael F. Allard and Christopher R. Thompson and Robert J. Baldelli and Joan S. McNab and Shelina A. Babul and Janet M. Betts and Bruce M. McManus and W.R.Eric Jamieson and Hilton Ling and Robert T. Miyagishima
DOI: 10.1016/1054-8807(95)00027-3
07/1995

Cardiovascular manifestations of lyme disease
Journal of Spirochetal and Tick-Borne Diseases
1995

Metastatic Tumors
Atlas of Heart Diseases
1995

Research

Concussion Awareness Training Tool - CATT
The Concussion Awareness Training Tool (CATT) (http://cattonline.com/) is a series of online educational modules and resources with the goal of standardizing concussion recognition, diagnosis, treatment, and management. Good concussion management may decrease the risk of brain damage and potentially reduce long-term health issues.

Developed by Dr. Shelina Babul, CATT is based upon the established principles of the Consensus Statement on Concussion in Sport. Research and evidence on concussions is evolving and the knowledge base is continually changing. As a result, cattonline.com is updated on a regular basis to provide current information, tools, and resources to support concussion recognition, diagnosis, treatment, and management.

There are 7 CATT online educational modules, and all are available free-of-charge.
• CATT for Medical Professionals
• CATT for Coaches
• CATT for Parents
• CATT for School Professionals
• CATT for Athletes
• CATT for Workers and Workplaces
• CATT for Women’s Support Worker

Work is currently in progress for the development and evaluation of CATT for Youth, aimed at high school students.

SHRed Concussions
Youth account for more than 50% of the annual burden of over 3 million concussions in North America. While not all concussions are sports-related, children/youth who engage in sports are at a higher risk for sustaining a concussion.

Researchers at BCIRPU, UBC, and UBCO are conducting a study to improve recognition and management of sports-related concussion in children/youth. Surveillance in High Schools to Reduce Concussions and Consequences of Concussions (SHRed Concussions) is a three-year longitudinal, Canada-wide, cohort study aimed at reducing the burden of sport-related concussions (SRC) and their consequences across youth sport populations. Researchers are recruiting high school athletes who participate in school or club sports associated with a higher risk of concussion; specifically: basketball, football, ice hockey, ringette, lacrosse, rugby, soccer, volleyball, cheerleading, wrestling, alpine skiing, or sledge hockey).

Participants will be asked to complete various assessments over the course of the study, and any participant who sustains a concussion will have access to accelerated concussion care by being immediately scheduled to see a sports concussion specialist. Recognizing and treating symptoms as soon as possible will allow for faster and safer return to school and sports.

This study is being led by the University of Calgary and is funded by the National Football League. Researchers at BCIRPU are coordinating and implementing SHRed in Vancouver. To get involved, visit https://www.injuryresearch.bc.ca/shred-concussions-study/.

The unintended consequences of implementing stay-at-home policies during the COVID-19 pandemic: Violence outcomes in children and youth in Canada
Public health measures aimed at protecting Canadians from the spread of COVID-19 appears to have placed children and youth in particularly vulnerable situations. In the early days of the pandemic, Kids Help Phone calls in Vancouver increased drastically, as did as the number of reported domestic incidents, sexual assaults, and a rise in reported gun violence in Toronto. The Raising Canada 2020 Report states that children and youth and low socioeconomic groups have suffered disproportionately as a result of COVID-19 policies; the number one threat being preventable injury.

With funding from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research COVID-19 Initiative, researchers at the BC Injury Research and Prevention Unit, (a partnership of BC Children’s Hospital Research Institute, PHSA and University of British Columbia), together with other investigators from British Columbia and Ontario, will be collaborating to investigate violence-related injuries among children and youth during the COVID-19 pandemic. The objective of this research is to evaluate the extent to which each phase of the COVID-19 stay-at-home and physical distancing policies affected rates of violence-related injury hospital visits, compared to the pre-pandemic period in both BC and ON. The study will also examine how COVID-19 policies affected violence-related injuries in different neighbourhoods, and whether the delivery of universal infant injury prevention program in BC (Period of PURPLE Crying Program) was more or less effective at preventing violence-related injuries among children than in ON, that does not have a universal program.

‘Active & Safe Central’: development of an online resource for the prevention of injury in sport and recreational activity
The objective of this Active & Safe was to use an integrated knowledge translation approach to develop an end user-driven digital platform that provides injury prevention information and resources across 51 sport and recreational activities. The ‘Active & Safe Central’ (https://activesafe.ca/) platform provides web-based sport injury and prevention information. This user-friendly, web and mobile accessible platform can increase the reach, awareness and implementation of prevention programming in sport and recreational activity.

Honours & Awards

Prevention and Awareness Award, Brain Injury Association of Canada - September 2014

Safety Award, BC Hockey - June 2016

Service Recognition Award, BC Hockey - 2019/20

Child and Youth Health Talks Video Competitions, Canadian Institutes of Health Research Institute of Human Development: Active & Safe Central physical literacy video - October 2019

WEBSITE Gold Award, Seventh International Safety Media Awards: Concussion Awareness Training Tool (CATT); Shelina Babul, Kate Turcotte, Samantha Bruin, Karen Sadler, Denise Beaton, Shazya Karmali, Stephanie Cowle, John Jacob - 2021

WEBSITE Gold Award, Seventh International Safety Media Awards: Active and Safe Injury Prevention for Sport & Physical Activity; Shelina Babul, Sarah Richmond, Amanda Black, Kate Turcotte, Samantha Bruin Shazya Karmali, Samantha Pawer, John Jacob, Ian Pike - 2021

Research Group Members

David Festus
Sharron Lyons, CHIRPP Coordinator
Laura Mar
Kheya McGill, Volunteer Student
Tia Murdoch, Summer Student
Brendan Smith, BCIRPU Research Assistant
Alyssa Wellar, Volunteer
Atena Ziapour